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nrPUSCHDMRS

Generate PUSCH DM-RS symbols

Description

example

sym = nrPUSCHDMRS(carrier,pusch) returns a matrix containing demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) symbols of physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH), as defined in TS 38.211 Section 6.4.1.1.1 [1]. carrier specifies the carrier configuration parameters for a specific OFDM numerology. pusch specifies the PUSCH configuration parameters.

example

sym = nrPUSCHDMRS(carrier,pusch,'OutputDataType',datatype) specifies the data type for the DM-RS symbols.

Examples

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Create a carrier configuration object with default properties. This object corresponds to a 10 MHz carrier with 15 kHz subcarrier spacing.

carrier = nrCarrierConfig;

Create a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) configuration object with specified properties. When transform precoding is set to 0, the waveform type is cyclic-prefix orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CP-OFDM).

pusch = nrPUSCHConfig;
pusch.TransformPrecoding = 0;
pusch.TransmissionScheme = 'codebook';
pusch.NumAntennaPorts = 4;
pusch.TPMI = 0;

Configure PUSCH demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) with specified parameters.

pusch.DMRS.DMRSAdditionalPosition = 1;
pusch.DMRS.DMRSTypeAPosition = 2;
pusch.DMRS.DMRSPortSet = 2;
pusch.DMRS.NIDNSCID = 10;
pusch.DMRS.NSCID = 1;

Generate DM-RS symbols associated with PUSCH of single data type.

sym = nrPUSCHDMRS(carrier,pusch,'OutputDataType','single')
sym = 624x4 single matrix

  -0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
   0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
  -0.3536 + 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
  -0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
  -0.3536 + 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
   0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
  -0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
   0.3536 + 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
   0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
   0.3536 - 0.3536i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
      ⋮

Create a carrier configuration with 30 kHz subcarrier spacing and 5 MHz transmission bandwidth.

carrier = nrCarrierConfig;
carrier.SubcarrierSpacing = 30;
carrier.NSizeGrid = 11;

Create a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) configuration object with specified properties. When transform precoding is set to 1, the waveform type is discrete fourier transform spread orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (DFT-s-OFDM).

pusch = nrPUSCHConfig;
pusch.NSizeBWP = 9;
pusch.NStartBWP = 1;
pusch.PRBSet = 0:3;
pusch.TransformPrecoding = 1;
pusch.FrequencyHopping = 'intraSlot';
pusch.SecondHopStartPRB = 5;

Create a PUSCH demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) object with specified properties.

dmrs = nrPUSCHDMRSConfig;
dmrs.DMRSAdditionalPosition = 1;
dmrs.DMRSTypeAPosition = 2;
dmrs.DMRSPortSet = 3;
dmrs.GroupHopping = 1;
dmrs.SequenceHopping = 0;
dmrs.NRSID = 10;

Assign the PUSCH DM-RS configuration object to DMRS property of PUSCH configuration object.

pusch.DMRS = dmrs;

Generate PUSCH DM-RS symbols and indices for the specified carrier, PUSCH configuration, and output formatting name-value pair argument.

sym = nrPUSCHDMRS(carrier,pusch,'OutputDataType','single')
sym = 96x1 single column vector

  -0.7071 - 0.7071i
  -0.7071 - 0.7071i
  -0.7071 - 0.7071i
   0.7071 - 0.7071i
  -0.7071 - 0.7071i
  -0.7071 - 0.7071i
  -0.7071 - 0.7071i
   0.7071 - 0.7071i
   0.7071 + 0.7071i
  -0.7071 + 0.7071i
      ⋮

ind = nrPUSCHDMRSIndices(carrier,pusch,'IndexBase','0based','IndexOrientation','bwp')
ind = 96x1 uint32 column vector

   217
   219
   221
   223
   225
   227
   229
   231
   233
   235
      ⋮

Create a bandwidth part (BWP) grid, and then map the DM-RS symbols on the grid.

bwp = complex(zeros([pusch.NSizeBWP*12 carrier.SymbolsPerSlot pusch.NumLayers]));
bwp(ind+1) = sym; % Map the DM-RS symbols

Map the BWP to the carrier resource grid, and then display the carrier grid.

grid = complex(zeros([carrier.NSizeGrid*12 carrier.SymbolsPerSlot pusch.NumLayers])); % Create carrier resource grid
offset = pusch.NStartBWP-carrier.NStartGrid; % BWP start location in the carrier grid
grid(offset*12+1:(offset+pusch.NSizeBWP)*12,:,:) = bwp;
imagesc(abs(grid(:,:,1)));
axis xy;
xlabel('OFDM Symbols');
ylabel('Subcarriers');
title('PUSCH DM-RS Resource Elements in the Carrier Resource Grid');

Input Arguments

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Carrier configuration parameters for a specific OFDM numerology, specified as an nrCarrierConfig object. This function uses only these properties of the nrCarrierConfig object.

Property FieldValuesDescription
NCellID

1 (default), integer from 0 to 1007

Physical layer cell identity

SubcarrierSpacing

15 (default), 30, 60, 120, 240

Subcarrier spacing in kHz

CyclicPrefix

'normal' (default), 'extended'

Cyclic prefix length, specified as one of these options.

  • 'normal' corresponds to 14 OFDM symbols in a slot.

  • 'extended' corresponds to 12 OFDM symbols in a slot.

For the numerologies specified in TS 38.211 Section 4.2, extended cyclic prefix length applies only for 60 kHz subcarrier spacing.

NSizeGrid

52 (default), integer from 1 to 275

Number of resource blocks in the carrier resource grid

NStartGrid

0 (default), integer from 0 to 2199

Start of carrier resource grid relative to common resource block 0 (CRB 0)

NSlot

0 (default), nonnegative integer scalar

Slot number. You can set NSlot to a value larger than the number of slots per frame.

PUSCH configuration parameters, specified as an nrPUSCHConfig object. This function uses only these properties of the nrPUSCHConfig object.

Property FieldValuesDescription
NSizeBWP

[] (default), integer from 1 to 275

Size of the bandwidth part (BWP) in terms of number of physical resource blocks (PRBs). The default value of [] implies that the value is equal to NSizeGrid of carrier input argument.

NStartBWP

[] (default), integer from 0 to 2473

Starting PRB index of BWP relative to CRB 0. The default value of [] implies that the value is equal to NStartGrid of carrier input argument.

NumLayers

1 (default), integer from 1 to 4

Number of transmission layers

MappingType

'A' (default), 'B'

Mapping type of PUSCH

SymbolAllocation

[0 14] (default), two-element vector of nonnegative integers

OFDM symbols allocated for PUSCH

PRBSet

[0:51] (default), vector of nonnegative integers from 0 to 274

PRBs allocated for PUSCH within the BWP

TransformPrecoding

0 (default), 1

Transform precoding flag, specified as one of these values.

  • 0 indicates that the transform precoding is enabled and waveform type is CP-OFDM.

  • 1 indicates that the transform precoding is disabled and waveform type is DFT-s-OFDM.

TransmissionScheme

'nonCodebook' (default), 'codebook'

PUSCH transmission scheme

TPMI

0 (default), integer from 0 to 27

Transmitted precoding matrix indicator. This property is applicable when TransmissionScheme is set to 'codebook'.

NumAntennaPorts

1 (default), 2, or 4

Number of antenna ports. The value must be greater than or equal to NumLayers. This property is applicable when TransmissionScheme is set to 'codebook'.

FrequencyHopping

'neither (default), 'intraSlot', or 'interSlot'

Frequency hopping configuration for PUSCH

SecondHopStartPRB

1 (default), integer from 0 to 274

Starting PRB index of second hop relative to BWP

DMRS

nrPUSCHDMRSConfig configuration object

DMRS configuration object only uses these properties.

  • DMRSConfigurationType

  • DMRSTypeAPosition

  • DMRSLength

  • DMRSAdditionalPosition

  • CustomSymbolSet

  • DMRSPortSet

  • These properties are applicable only when TransformPrecoding is set to zero.

    • NIDNSCID

    • NSCID

  • These properties are applicable only when TransformPrecoding is set to one.

    • GroupHopping

    • SequenceHopping

    • NRSID

For more information, see nrPUSCHDMRSConfig.

Data type for the generated DM-RS symbols, specified as 'double' or 'single'.

Data Types: char | string

Output Arguments

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DM-RS symbols, returned as a complex matrix. The number of columns correspond to the number of antenna ports configured.

Data Types: single | double
Complex Number Support: Yes

References

[1] 3GPP TS 38.211. “NR; Physical channels and modulation.” 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2020a