フィルターのクリア

how to print datetime in fprintf

205 ビュー (過去 30 日間)
Alex
Alex 2023 年 4 月 4 日
編集済み: dpb 2023 年 4 月 6 日
Hi there,
I have elevation profiles on different days which are stored in datenum, and as want to print out the last measurement and the day that the sample was taken.
I currently have this in a loop , but i keep getting this error :
Error using fprintf Conversion to int64 from datetime is not possible.
fprintf('last row for profile %s on the %s is : %d',ProfName,ProfDateNum,indNaN) % Print out the index of the profile
It will only print out the first date and not the others, any others.
Do you have any suggestions to resplve this please?
Many thanks !

採用された回答

dpb
dpb 2023 年 4 月 4 日
編集済み: dpb 2023 年 4 月 6 日
We don't have sufficient data to reproduce the problem -- we don't have definitions of ProfName, ProfDateNum, nor indNaN
Guessing
ProfName="Profile XYZ";
ProfDateNum=datetime(now,'convertfrom','datenum');
indNaN=1234;
fprintf('last row for profile %s on the %s is : %d',ProfName,ProfDateNum,indNaN)
last row for profile Profile XYZ on the 04-Apr-2023 16:07:51 is : 1234
We don't get any errors; fprintf is capable of handling a datetime.
So, what's going on? With the statement the above is in a loop and it only does one, one can then add to the guess that the above may be arrays and you forgot to index into them, in which case MATLAB will try to send each array to the format string for output...
ProfName=["Profile ABC";"Profile XYZ"];
ProfDateNum=[datetime(now,'convertfrom','datenum');datetime(now+1,'convertfrom','datenum')];
indNaN=[0123;1234];
try % Put in try..catch block so can proceed past the error
fprintf('last row for profile %s on the %s is : %d',ProfName,ProfDateNum,indNaN)
catch % Show the error that occurred is what got above...
lasterr
end
last row for profile Profile ABC on the Profile XYZ is :
ans =
'Error using fprintf Conversion to int64 from datetime is not possible.'
And, Boom! the error message does show up...ergo, the answer is, when looping over a set of values, don't forget to index into the array...
ProfName=["Profile ABC";"Profile XYZ"];
ProfDateNum=[datetime(now,'convertfrom','datenum');datetime(now+1,'convertfrom','datenum')];
indNaN=[0123;1234];
for i=1:numel(ProfName)
fprintf('last row for profile %s on the %s is : %d',ProfName(i),ProfDateNum(i),indNaN(i))
end
last row for profile Profile ABC on the 04-Apr-2023 16:07:51 is : 123last row for profile Profile XYZ on the 05-Apr-2023 16:07:51 is : 1234
Now what shows up is that you forgot to include a newline so everything is all run together...
fmt='last row for profile %s on the %s is : %d\n'; % put the format string in variable for ease edit
for i=1:numel(ProfName)
fprintf(fmt,ProfName(i),ProfDateNum(i),indNaN(i))
end
last row for profile Profile ABC on the 04-Apr-2023 16:07:51 is : 123 last row for profile Profile XYZ on the 05-Apr-2023 16:07:51 is : 1234
You can control the format of the date by setting the .Format property of ProfDateNum. As a stylistic comment only, since it really is a datetime variable, using "DateNum" in the variable name is somewhat misleading and may lead to misuse later on when don't remember so clearly and interpret the variable name as being what it says it is.
  4 件のコメント
dpb
dpb 2023 年 4 月 6 日
編集済み: dpb 2023 年 4 月 6 日
Yeah, I always wondered why fprintf wasn't vectorized in that form instead...would have made much easier from the beginning -- and makes more sense than as is.
While on the foibles of fprintf and friends, when (back in the dark ages before commercial relase) moved the code base to C to and chose to use the builtin i/o libraries instead of implementing/following Fortran FORMAT syntax was the easier route for implementation/developers, but an unfortunate choice for a scientific/engineering code development environment. It took 30+ years before finally fixed (sorta') the issues with fixed-width files.
Just having to write(*) the b-ugly
fmt=[repmat('%f',1,numel(x)) '\n'];
instead of
fmt=numel(x)+"F";
has grated on raw nerves like fingernails on the blackboard forever...of course, the trick with the string class is a new(ish) feature, but just having repeat factor alone without all the other niceties of the FORMAT syntax (a language all its own) (**) would save countless hours cumulatively of having to do the same silly thing over and over and over ...
(*) Or, even worse as one often sees in newcomers' code who have yet to see (or rediscover) the above MATLAB idiom...
fmt='%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%d%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%s%f%f%f%f%f%f%f%f\n';
Try to maintain that!!!! :(
(**) At one point I wrote a mex extension that allowed one to pass a variable list and FORMAT string and passed it off to the Fortran i/o library to do the output. I offered that code to TMW over 30 years ago now, but they never showed any interest. Unfortunately, that code was on the corporate machine at the firm through which I was consulting at the time and when I left, I forgot to take it with me. When I thought I might try to resurrect it a few years ago, the MATLAB support for Fortran had detiorated to such an extent I was never able to get a Fortran compiler installed and to run without the unaffordable commercial Intel compiler. Why on earth they've made that process so convoluted no mere mortal can figure out how to just compile/link is unfathomable...and a tragic loss to the MATLAB user community.
Alex
Alex 2023 年 4 月 6 日
Hi all ,
I got it working ! thank you !

サインインしてコメントする。

その他の回答 (1 件)

Bora Eryilmaz
Bora Eryilmaz 2023 年 4 月 4 日
編集済み: Bora Eryilmaz 2023 年 4 月 4 日
You can convert datenum data to datetime data and set its format to the one you desire:
d = datenum(2023, 4, 13);
dt = datetime(d, 'ConvertFrom', 'datenum');
dt.Format = 'MMMM d, yyyy - HH:mm:ss';
fprintf('%s', dt)
April 13, 2023 - 00:00:00
  1 件のコメント
dpb
dpb 2023 年 4 月 4 日
But, read the error OP got carefully, @Bora Eryilmaz --
Error using fprintf Conversion to int64 from datetime is not possible.
The date variable actually is a datetime despite the ill-chosen name that indicates it is a datenum
The problem is passing arrays to a format string instead of each element of the array in turn in the loop...

サインインしてコメントする。

カテゴリ

Help Center および File ExchangeLogical についてさらに検索

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by