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nrULSCHDecoder

Apply UL-SCH decoder processing chain

Description

The nrULSCHDecoder System object™ applies the uplink shared channel (UL-SCH) decoder processing chain to the soft bits corresponding to a UL-SCH-encoded transport block. The UL-SCH decoding process consists of rate recovery, low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoding, desegmentation, and cyclic redundancy check (CRC) decoding. The object implements the inverse operation of the UL-SCH encoding process specified in these sections of TR 38.212 [1]:

  • Sections 6.2.1: Transport block CRC attachment

  • Sections 6.2.2: LDPC base graph selection

  • Sections 6.2.3: Code block segmentation and code block CRC attachment

  • Sections 6.2.4: Channel coding of UL-SCH

  • Sections 6.2.5: Rate matching

  • Sections 6.2.6: Code block concatenation

To apply the UL-SCH decoder processing chain:

  1. Create the nrULSCHDecoder object and set its properties.

  2. Call the object with arguments, as if it were a function.

To learn more about how System objects work, see What Are System Objects? (MATLAB).

Creation

Syntax

decUL = nrULSCHDecoder
decUL = nrULSCHDecoder(Name,Value)

Description

decUL = nrULSCHDecoder creates a UL-SCH decoder System object.

decUL = nrULSCHDecoder(Name,Value) creates the object with properties set by using one or more name-value pairs. Enclose the property name inside quotes, followed by the specified value. Unspecified properties take default values.

Example: For example, nrULSCHDecoder('MultipleHARQProcesses',true) creates the object and enables multiple hybrid automatic repeat-request (HARQ) processes.

Properties

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Unless otherwise indicated, properties are nontunable, which means you cannot change their values after calling the object. Objects lock when you call them, and the release function unlocks them.

If a property is tunable, you can change its value at any time.

For more information on changing property values, see System Design in MATLAB Using System Objects (MATLAB).

Enable multiple HARQ processes, specified as false or true. When set to false, the object uses a single process. When set to true, the object uses multiple HARQ processes, at most 16. To enable soft combining of retransmissions before LDPC decoding, the object maintains a soft buffer for each HARQ process.

Data Types: logical

Target code rate, specified as a real number in the interval (0, 1). The default value corresponds to 526/1024.

Tunable: Yes

Data Types: double

Length of decoded transport block, in bits, specified as a positive integer.

Tunable: Yes

Data Types: double

Enable limited buffer rate recovery, specified as false or true. When set to false, the size of the internal buffer used for rate recovery is the full coded length of each code block. When set to true, you can specify the size of the internal buffer used for rate recovery by setting the LimitedBufferSize property.

Data Types: logical

Limited buffer size used for rate recovery, specified as a positive integer. The default value corresponds to 384×66, which is the maximum coded length of a code block. The default value implies no limit on the buffer size.

Dependencies

To enable this property, set LimitedBufferRateRecovery to true.

Data Types: double

Maximum LDPC decoding iterations, specified as a positive integer. Since early termination is enabled, decoding stops once parity-checks are satisfied. In this case, fewer iterations take place than the maximum specified by this argument.

Data Types: double

Usage

Syntax

trblk = decUL(softbits,mod,nLayers,rv)
trblk = decUL(___,harqID)
[trblk,blkerr] = decUL(___)

Description

example

trblk = decUL(softbits,mod,nLayers,rv) applies the UL-SCH decoder processing chain to the input softbits and returns the decoded bits. mod specifies the modulation scheme. nLayers specifies the number of transmission layers. rv specifies the redundancy version of the transmission.

trblk = decUL(___,harqID) specifies the HARQ process number harqID used with the current transport block in addition to the input arguments in the previous syntax. To use this syntax, set the MultipleHARQProcesses property to true. When the property is set to false, the object uses HARQ process number 0.

When the object receives codewords with different redundancy version for an individual HARQ process, the object uses soft buffer state retention to enable soft combining of retransmissions. When you enable multiple HARQ processes, the object maintains independent buffers for each process.

[trblk,blkerr] = decUL(___) returns an error flag, using the input arguments in any of the previous syntaxes. A value of 1 in blkerr indicates an error during transport block decoding.

Input Arguments

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Approximate log-likelihood ratio (LLR) soft bits, corresponding to the UL-SCH-encoded transport block, specified as a real column vector.

Data Types: single | double

Modulation scheme, specified as 'pi/2-BPSK', 'QPSK', '16QAM', '64QAM', or '256QAM'. This modulation scheme determines the modulation type and number of bits used per modulation symbol.

Modulation SchemeNumber of Bits Per Symbol
'pi/2-BPSK'1
'QPSK'2
'16QAM'4
'64QAM'6
'256QAM'8

Data Types: char | string

Number of transmission layers, specified as an integer from 1 to 4. For more information, see TS 38.211 Section 6.3.1.3.

Data Types: double

Redundancy version, specified as an integer from 0 to 3.

Data Types: double

HARQ process number, specified as an integer from 0 to 15.

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Decoded UL-SCH transport block, returned as a binary column vector of length specified by the TransportBlockLength property.

Result of UL-SCH transport block decoding, returned as a logical scalar. A value of 1 indicates an error during transport block decoding.

Data Types: logical

Object Functions

To use an object function, specify the System object as the first input argument. For example, to release system resources of a System object named obj, use this syntax:

release(obj)

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resetSoftBufferReset soft buffer for HARQ process in UL-SCH or DL-SCH decoder
stepRun System object algorithm
cloneCreate duplicate System object
isLockedDetermine if System object is in use
releaseRelease resources and allow changes to System object property values and input characteristics
resetReset internal states of System object

Examples

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Generate a random sequence of binary values corresponding to one transport block of length 5120.

trBlkLen = 5120;
trBlk = randi([0 1],trBlkLen,1,'int8');

Create and configure an UL-SCH encoder System object with the specified target code rate.

targetCodeRate = 567/1024;
encUL = nrULSCH;
encUL.TargetCodeRate = targetCodeRate;

Load the transport block into the UL-SCH encoder.

setTransportBlock(encUL,trBlk);

Call the encoder with 64-QAM modulation scheme, 1 transmission layer, an output length of 10,240 bits, and redundancy version 0. The encoder applies the UL-SCH processing chain to the transport block loaded into the object.

mod = '64QAM';
nLayers = 1;
outlen = 10240;
rv = 0;
codedTrBlock = encUL(mod,nLayers,outlen,rv);

Create and configure an UL-SCH decoder System object.

decUL = nrULSCHDecoder;
decUL.TargetCodeRate = targetCodeRate;
decUL.TransportBlockLength = trBlkLen;

Call the UL-SCH decoder on the soft bits representing the encoded transport block. Use the configuration parameters specified for the encoder. The error flag in the output indicates that the block decoding does not have errors.

rxSoftBits = 1.0 - 2.0*double(codedTrBlock);
[decbits,blkerr] = decUL(rxSoftBits,mod,nLayers,rv)
decbits = 5120×1 int8 column vector

   1
   1
   0
   1
   1
   0
   0
   1
   1
   1
      ⋮

blkerr = logical
   0

Verify that the transmitted and received message bits are identical.

isequal(decbits,trBlk)
ans = logical
   1

References

[1] 3GPP TS 38.212. “NR; Multiplexing and channel coding.” 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network.

[2] 3GPP TS 38.211. “NR; Physical channels and modulation.” 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network.

Extended Capabilities

See Also

System Objects

Functions

Introduced in R2019a