Is it possible to transform a string to a variable code name in MATLAB?

134 ビュー (過去 30 日間)
Brando Miranda
Brando Miranda 2016 年 3 月 21 日
コメント済み: Stephen 2019 年 4 月 30 日
This might be a very bizarre question (and probably I might be advised against doing such a weird thing) but if I have a string as in `v_str ='var_name'` and I want to transform the contents of that code into the actual code, is that possible in MATLAB? As in:
v_str = 'var_name'
x = make_string_to_code(v_str)
translates to the functioning code:
x = var_name
which simply transforms the string to actual code.
The only way I thought of doing this is by writing a file with that code and then on the next line executing that fine, but I wanted to avoid writing files every time that I want to do this
  3 件のコメント

サインインしてコメントする。

回答 (2 件)

Adam
Adam 2016 年 3 月 21 日
編集済み: Adam 2016 年 3 月 21 日
You are correct that this is something you will be strongly advised against even trying to do. Someone will probably post a relevant set of links to places that tell you why not, but as to an alternative solution, use a struct and a dynamic string to access its fields if you want to do something like this. e.g.
myStruct.var_name = 6;
v_str = 'var_name';
x = myStruct.( v_str );
would be equivalent to just
x = 6;
This can be especially useful if you are loading data from a mat file since the 'load' function allows you to load all the variables into the workspace as fields of a struct rather than just depositing them all into the workspace.

Renato Agurto
Renato Agurto 2016 年 3 月 21 日
編集済み: Renato Agurto 2016 年 3 月 22 日
x = eval(v_str);
It is normal to advice against it, but normally when the left side of the equation is a string
  1 件のコメント
Stephen
Stephen 2016 年 3 月 22 日
"It is normal to advice against it"
True.
"but normally when the left side of the equation is a string"
False.
It is advised to avoid eval in all cases, both on the LHS and RHS. In all cases it is a buggy, obfuscated, and slow way to code. It does not matter that "side" it is on, using eval will always be buggier and slower than calling functions directly or using proper data structures.

サインインしてコメントする。

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by