How to index the matrix only the first dimension of the rest

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Xuze Liu
Xuze Liu 2022 年 8 月 31 日
編集済み: Stephen23 2022 年 9 月 1 日
For example, I have an matrix A=zeros(5,4,3)
And B=A(1,:,:)
Is there any way that I don't have to use the latter two ':'?
Something simple like B=A(1,?) that takes whatever from the second dimension onwards?

回答 (4 件)

Stephen23
Stephen23 2022 年 9 月 1 日
This will be quite efficient because none of the data in memory is moved around, only the array header is accessed.
It also works for non-scalar X.
B = A(X,:);
S = size(A);
S(1) = size(B,1);
B = reshape(B,S);
  1 件のコメント
Stephen23
Stephen23 2022 年 9 月 1 日
編集済み: Stephen23 2022 年 9 月 1 日
format compact
A = rand(5,4,3)
A =
A(:,:,1) = 0.9656 0.6497 0.2581 0.7417 0.5392 0.6739 0.5440 0.5115 0.7184 0.7770 0.1037 0.1437 0.0460 0.8504 0.7329 0.6772 0.5472 0.3287 0.3364 0.2696 A(:,:,2) = 0.0271 0.2944 0.1932 0.9287 0.1086 0.7801 0.5014 0.3357 0.5984 0.8400 0.6211 0.6933 0.0673 0.5048 0.7611 0.2261 0.9548 0.6398 0.8557 0.5052 A(:,:,3) = 0.8824 0.8974 0.9947 0.4210 0.0417 0.5307 0.0642 0.1385 0.7882 0.7552 0.9825 0.7442 0.5414 0.1979 0.8633 0.4881 0.7751 0.2920 0.6514 0.4335
X = 3;
B = A(X,:);
S = size(A);
S(1) = size(B,1);
B = reshape(B,S)
B =
B(:,:,1) = 0.7184 0.7770 0.1037 0.1437 B(:,:,2) = 0.5984 0.8400 0.6211 0.6933 B(:,:,3) = 0.7882 0.7552 0.9825 0.7442

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Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2022 年 8 月 31 日
B=A(1,:);
However this will treat it like
temp = reshape(A, size(A, 1), []);
B = temp(1,:);
which would give you a 1 x 12 not a 1 x 4 x 3
  2 件のコメント
Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong 2022 年 9 月 1 日
@Xuze Liu Walter explains the RHS of
B=A(1,:)
is like reshaping A with all the traling dimension grouped. You don't have to.

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Cris LaPierre
Cris LaPierre 2022 年 8 月 31 日
It depends what you want the ouput dimensions to be. If you just want them in a vector, then you can just use a single colon.
A=rand(5,4,3)
A =
A(:,:,1) = 0.8151 0.1142 0.4037 0.5967 0.0920 0.2222 0.8144 0.6967 0.1565 0.9195 0.4080 0.7906 0.1481 0.9235 0.4610 0.4404 0.6894 0.7504 0.8451 0.0283 A(:,:,2) = 0.6298 0.0226 0.3653 0.7651 0.3858 0.3005 0.2023 0.8461 0.2826 0.2151 0.7336 0.5432 0.4013 0.0399 0.1543 0.5064 0.6406 0.9716 0.4377 0.8008 A(:,:,3) = 0.4181 0.4029 0.7620 0.6040 0.7262 0.1018 0.3144 0.6743 0.1473 0.6745 0.5357 0.1704 0.5709 0.9167 0.0451 0.7542 0.9045 0.3479 0.7617 0.6889
A(1,:)
ans = 1×12
0.8151 0.1142 0.4037 0.5967 0.6298 0.0226 0.3653 0.7651 0.4181 0.4029 0.7620 0.6040

Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong 2022 年 8 月 31 日
A = rand(2,3,4,5);
C=repmat({':'},1,ndims(A)-1);
% C=repmat({:},1,100); if you don't want to be depend on A
B = A(1,C{:});

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