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Receive messages from ROS 2 network

Since R2019b

  • Subscribe ROS 2 block

ROS Toolbox / ROS 2


The Subscribe block creates a Simulink® non-virtual bus that corresponds to the specified ROS 2 message type. The block uses the node of the Simulink model to create a ROS 2 subscriber for a specific topic. This node is created when the model runs and is deleted when the model terminates. If the model does not have a node, the block creates one.

On each simulation step, the block checks if a new message is available on the specific topic. If a new message is available, the block retrieves the message and converts it to a Simulink bus signal. The Msg port outputs this new message. If a new message is not available, Msg outputs the last received ROS 2 message. If a message has not been received since the start of the simulation, Msg outputs a blank message.



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New message indicator, returned as a logical. If the output is 1, then a new message was received since the last sample hit. This output can be used to trigger subsystems for processing new messages received in the ROS 2 network.

ROS 2 message, returned as a non-virtual bus. The type of ROS message is specified in the Message type parameter. The Subscribe ROS 2 block outputs blank messages until it receives a message on the topic name you specify. These blank messages allow you to create and test full models before the rest of the network has been setup.

Data Types: bus


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Source for specifying the topic name, specified as one of the following:

  • Select from ROS network — Use Select to select a topic name. The Topic and Message type parameters are set automatically. You must be connected to a ROS network.

  • Specify your own — Enter a topic name in Topic and specify its message type in Message type. You must match a topic name exactly.

Topic name to subscribe to, specified as a string. When Topic source is set to Select from ROS network, use Select to select a topic from the ROS network. You must be connected to a ROS 2 network to get a list of topics. Otherwise, set Topic source to Specify your own and specify the topic you want.

ROS 2 message type, specified as a string. Use Select to select from a full list of supported ROS 2 messages. Service message types are not supported and are not included in the list.

Interval between outputs, specified as a scalar. In simulation, the sample time follows simulation time and not actual wall-clock time.

This default value indicates that the block sample time is inherited.

For more information about the inherited sample time type, see Specify Sample Time (Simulink).

Quality of Service (QoS)

Determines the mode of storing messages in the queue. The queued messages will be sent to late-joining subscribers. If the queue fills with messages waiting to be processed, then old messages will be dropped to make room for new. When set to Keep last, the queue stores the number of messages set by the Depth property. Otherwise, when set to Keep all, the queue stores all messages up to the MATLAB® resource limits.

Number of messages stored in the message queue when History is set to Keep last.

Affects the guarantee of message delivery. If Reliable, then delivery is guaranteed, but may retry multiple times. If Best effort, then attempt delivery and do not retry.

Affects persistence of messages in publishers, which allows late-joining subscribers to receive the number of old messages specified by Depth. If Volatile, then messages do not persist. If Transient local, then publisher will retain the most recent messages.

Outlines the permissible duration between message receptions by subscriber, specified as a positive scalar. In case the messages are not received within the deadline, the client application receives a notification.

The default value is Inf which implies that expected interval between subsequent message receptions is infinite. If Deadline is set to 3, it ensures that the subscriber subscribes to every succeeding message is published to the topic after 3 seconds of subscribing to the preceding message.

Defines the duration a message is deemed valid, beyond which it will not be received by subscriber, specified as a positive scalar. Messages that have expired are silently discarded.

The default value is Inf which implies that a message is deemed valid and received by subscriber for infinite duration. If Lifespan is set to 5, it means that a message is considered valid for 5 seconds after being published. If subscriber has not received the message within that time frame, the message is considered expired.

Determines the reporting standard expected from the publishers to which they are subscribed, specified as a string.

Liveliness set to "automatic" implies that when any of the publishers has published a message, the system will consider all publishers of the node to be alive for an additional Lease Duration.

Defines the maximum duration for which a subscriber expects a publisher to demonstrate its liveliness before the system considers it to have lost liveliness, specified as a positive scalar. Losing liveliness could serve as an indication of failure.

The default value is Inf which implies that a publisher can assert its liveliness for infinite period of time. If the Lease Duration is set to 5, it implies that the subscriber can expect the publisher to demonstrate its liveliness within a maximum of 5 seconds. If the publisher does not send any messages or explicitly assert its liveliness within that time frame, it is considered to have lost liveliness.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Version History

Introduced in R2019b