Model Smart Speaker in Simulink
This example shows how to model a smart speaker system in Simulink. The smart speaker incorporates voice command recognition and operates in real time.
A smart speaker is a speaker that can be controlled by your voice. This example shows a smart speaker model that responds to a number of voice commands. You make the smart speaker play music with the command "Go". You make it stop playing music by saying "Stop". You increase or decrease the music volume with the commands "Up" and "Down", respectively.
The model comprises three main parts:
An audio input path, representing microphone preprocessing.
An audio output path, representing loudspeaker output processing.
Audio devices and scopes, including components to monitor the audio and plot output signals in the time and frequency domains.
Voice Command Source
You can drive the smart speaker in two ways:
You can specify commands directly as the model is running through a microphone. Set up your microphone through the dialog of the Audio Device Reader block.
You can also simulate the reception of signals into a microphone array. In this case, the source of the voice commands is a set of audio files containing prerecorded commands.
Select the voice command source by toggling the manual switch in the Audio Input Path section of the model.
You apply acoustic beamforming when you simulate a microphone array. In this case, you model three sound sources in the Voice Command subsystem (the voice command, plus two background noise sources). The Acoustic Beamformer subsystem processes the different sound signals to isolate and enhance the voice command.
Acoustic Echo Cancellation
When you utter commands as music is playing, the music is picked up by the microphone after it reverberates around the room, creating an undesired feedback effect.
The Acoustic Echo Cancellation (AEC) subsystem removes the playback audio from the input signal by using a Normalized LMS adaptive filter. This component applies only when you simulate a microphone array using acoustic beamforming.
You can include or exclude the AEC component by changing the value of the check box on its mask dialog.
To hear the effect of AEC on the input audio signal, flip the manual switch in the Audio Devices and Scopes section of the model.
Speech Command Recognition
You pass the preprocessed speech command to the Speech Command Recognition subsystem. Speech command recognition is based on a pretrained deep learning convolutional network identical to the one in the Train Speech Command Recognition Model Using Deep Learning example.
You extract auditory (Bark) spectrograms from the input audio, which you feed to the pretrained network. The network outputs the predicted command. You use this command to drive the Audio Output Path section of the model.
Control Audio Output Path with State Charts
The decoded speech command goes into two different state charts:
The first chart controls playback. Music starts paying when the "Go" command is received, and stops playing when "Stop" is received.
The second chart controls the playback volume by reacting to the commands "Up" and "Down".
Speaker Output Processing
When playback is triggered, the Speaker Output Processing subsystem is enabled. This subsystem contains blocks commonly used to tune audio, such as a Graphic EQ, a multiband parametric equalizer, and a dynamic range controller (limiter). You can tune your system sound as the model is playing by opening the mask dialog of these blocks and changing the values of parameters (for example, the frequencies of the Graphic EQ).
When the music stops playing, it fades smoothly rather than stopping suddenly. This is achieved by the Smoothed Mute block which applies a time-varying gain on the audio signal. This block is based on the System object SmoothedMute.
After Speaker Output Processing and Smoothed Mute, the signal goes into a Speaker Model subsystem. This subsystem allows you to control how the loudspeaker is modeled:
You can choose a behavioral model which implements the speaker model using basic mathematics Simulink blocks (such as sum, delay, integrator, and gain).
You can choose a circuit model which implements the speaker model using SimScape components.
You may also bypass these models if you are using a real, physical loudspeaker to listen to the audio.
Change the value of the variable speakerMode in the base workspace to select one of bypass (speakerMode=0), behavioral (speakerMode=1), or circuit (speakerMode=2).
Audio Devices and Scopes
The model uses a Spectrum Analyzer block to plot the audio signal in the frequency domain, and a time scope to visualize the streaming time-domain audio.