# Is there a command in MATLAB for creating one overall legend when I have a figure with subplots?

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MathWorks Support Team 2013 年 5 月 1 日

Is there a command in MATLAB for creating one overall legend when I have a figure with subplots?
I have a figure with subplots and I would like to create one legend that refers to all of my subplots. Is there a way to do this?

### 採用された回答

MathWorks Support Team 2022 年 8 月 16 日

You can create an overall legend by first using 'tiledlayout' to create your subplots. Then, generate the legend and specify what should appear in the legend using a vector of graphics object handles. The position of the legend can be set by its 'Layout' property. Find an example of this workflow below.
figure()
tcl = tiledlayout(2,2);
nexttile(tcl)
line1 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'b','DisplayName','Data Axes 1');
title('Axes 1');
nexttile(tcl)
line2 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'g','DisplayName','Data Axes 2');
title('Axes 2');
nexttile(tcl)
line3 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'r','DisplayName','Data Axes 3');
title('Axes 3');
nexttile(tcl)
line4 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'c','DisplayName','Data Axes 4');
title('Axes 4');
% Construct a Legend with the data from the sub-plots
hL = legend([line1,line2,line3,line4]);
% Move the legend to the right side of the figure
hL.Layout.Tile = 'East';
For MATLAB versions prior to MATLAB R2019b or code that uses 'subplot' instead of 'tiledlayout', there is no straight-forward way to create an overall legend. A workaround is to create an extra subplot, or an additional row or column, and use that space for the legend. Here is an example that uses a 2-by-2 grid of subplots with a third column reserved for the legend.
figure()
subplot(2,3,1)
line1 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'b','DisplayName','Data Axes 1');
title('Axes 1');
subplot(2,3,2)
line2 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'g','DisplayName','Data Axes 2');
title('Axes 2');
subplot(2,3,4)
line3 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'r','DisplayName','Data Axes 3');
title('Axes 3');
subplot(2,3,5)
line4 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'c','DisplayName','Data Axes 4');
title('Axes 4');
% Create a tile on the right column to get its position
ax = subplot(2,3,3,'Visible','off');
axPos = ax.Position;
delete(ax)
% Construct a Legend with the data from the sub-plots
hL = legend([line1,line2,line3,line4]);
% Move the legend to the position of the extra axes
hL.Position(1:2) = axPos(1:2);
You may use the 'Position' property of the legend to relocate it, for example, to adjust its vertical position.
##### 2 件のコメントなしを表示なしを非表示
Jonathan Kwang 2016 年 11 月 17 日
I've tried the accepted answer in MATLAB R2016a and it still appears to work fine on my end.
If you are still having an issue with this, you can contact MathWorks Technical Support by using the following link:
https://www.mathworks.com/support/contact_us/
Eric Sargent 2020 年 12 月 9 日
Starting in R2019a, you can use tiledlayout to create an "overall legend" effect. The code below attaches a legend to the second axes but places it outside of the layout.
tiledlayout(2,2, 'TileSpacing', 'compact')
nexttile
line1 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'b', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 1');
title('Axes 1');
nexttile
line2 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'g', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 2');
title('Axes 2');
nexttile
line3 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'r', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 3');
title('Axes 3');
nexttile
line4 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'c', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 4');
title('Axes 4');
% Create a Legend with the data from multiple axes
lg = legend(nexttile(2), [line1,line2,line3,line4]);
lg.Location = 'northeastoutside';

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### その他の回答 (1 件)

Eric Sargent 2020 年 12 月 9 日
Starting in R2019a, you can use tiledlayout to create an "overall legend" effect. The code below attaches a legend to the second axes but places it outside of the layout.
tiledlayout(2,2, 'TileSpacing', 'compact')
nexttile
line1 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'b', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 1');
title('Axes 1');
nexttile
line2 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'g', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 2');
title('Axes 2');
nexttile
line3 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'r', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 3');
title('Axes 3');
nexttile
line4 = plot(1:10,rand(1,10),'c', 'DisplayName', 'Data Axes 4');
title('Axes 4');
% Create a Legend with the data from multiple axes
lg = legend(nexttile(2), [line1,line2,line3,line4]);
lg.Location = 'northeastoutside';

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