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How would I add a label to a variable?

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David McCaffrey
David McCaffrey 2021 年 1 月 30 日
編集済み: Les Beckham 2021 年 1 月 30 日
Let's say I'm programming a converter, like miles to kilometers, how do I make it so when I type it all out the answer comes out as "10 kilometers" instead of just the number 10?

回答 (2 件)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2021 年 1 月 30 日
units can be attached to symbolic computation, where they end up being treated like multiplication by a variable a lot of the time.
units are not supported in numeric work without the symbolic toolbox... Well, except in Simscape and derivatives such as SimBiology

Les Beckham
Les Beckham 2021 年 1 月 30 日
編集済み: Les Beckham 2021 年 1 月 30 日
Without extra toolboxes, and assuming that you are programming your 'converter' as a function and you wish to print the results as well as return them to the caller, you might use the fprintf() function within your conversion functions. For example:
% test_mi2km_converters.m
distance_mi = 10; % initially in miles
distance_km = mi2km(distance_mi);
distance_mi_check = km2mi(distance_km);
distance_km_check = mi2km(distance_mi_check);
function km = mi2km(mi)
km = ((mi*5280) * 0.3048) / 1000;
fprintf('%f miles = %f kilometers\n', mi, km);
function mi = km2mi(km)
mi = ((km*1000) / 0.3048) / 5280;
fprintf('%f kilometers = %f miles\n', km, mi);
Here is the resulting output:
>> test_mi2km_converters
10.000000 miles = 16.093440 kilometers
16.093440 kilometers = 10.000000 miles
10.000000 miles = 16.093440 kilometers
Adapt as desired. Note that this code requires Matlab release 2016b or later (when they started allowing functions to be defined inside of scripts).


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