# How to sum the diagonal numbers and numbers after the diagonal of a matrix

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Thomas Sun 2020 年 3 月 31 日

Write a function called halfsum that takes as input a matrix and computes the sum of its elements that are in the diagonal or are to the right of it. The output arguments name is summa.
I have absolutely no idea how to start with this problem. How am I meant to use a for-loop for this?
Thank you very much
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Mohammad Sami 2020 年 3 月 31 日
Look at function diag and triu

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### 回答 (2 件)

Matt Shellhammer 2020 年 3 月 31 日
total = 0;
for idx = 1:size(a,1)
total = total + a(idx,idx);
end
or
sum(a(1:(size(a,1)+1):size(a,1)*size(a,2)))
or
sum(diag(a))
and for the indices to the right of it... (assuming its square).
total = 0;
for idx = 1:size(a,2)-1
total = total + a(idx,idx+1);
end
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Bhaskar R 2020 年 3 月 31 日
function summa = halfsum(inp_mat)
summa = zeros(2,1); % first element is sum of diagonal elements, second is sum of diagonal to right
summa(1) = sum(diag(inp_mat)) %diagnal elemts
summa(2) = sum(diag(inp_mat, 1)) % right to diagonal
end

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