The area between a curve and the X axis is determined by the integral. So use trapz:
x = 0:100;
y = 30 - 60 * cos(2 * pi / 100 * x);
A = trapz(x, y)
You can obtain the integral by hand also here:
30 * (x - 100*sin(pi * x / 50) / pi) + const.
Now insert the limits 0 and 100 to get 3000 as solution.