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YT
1

Imwrite JPG with comments

YT
さんによって質問されました 2019 年 2 月 6 日
最新アクティビティ Walter Roberson
さんによって コメントされました 2019 年 2 月 12 日
I'm trying to save my images with some comments like so
imwrite(imageData, '/MATLAB Drive/ArtScraper/out_img/Ukiyo-e_1549412662/592fa615edc2c933948514b7.jpg' 'Comment', {['Title: ' nStyle(jj).title '; Author: ' nStyle(jj).artistName '; Year: ' nStyle(jj).year]});
To check if the comments were written correctly I used imfinfo
struct with fields:
Filename: '/MATLAB Drive/ArtScraper/out_img/Ukiyo-e_1549412662/592fa615edc2c933948514b7.jpg'
FileModDate: '06-Feb-2019 00:36:24'
FileSize: 37242
Format: 'jpg'
FormatVersion: ''
Width: 327
Height: 520
BitDepth: 24
ColorType: 'truecolor'
FormatSignature: ''
NumberOfSamples: 3
CodingMethod: 'Huffman'
CodingProcess: 'Sequential'
Comment: {'Title: Ichikawa Monnosuke Ii as Date No Yosaku in the Kabuki Play "koi-nyōbō Somewake Tazuna"; Author: Tōshūsai Sharaku; Year: 1794'}
Now I was under the assumption that image now contains comments if I'd check the properties but sadly that wasn't the case
So I'm either doing something wrong with writing comments to my images or the comments are only visible in Matlab and I misunderstood the documentation. Either way, I still need to add this additional information to my files.

  9 件のコメント

YT
2019 年 2 月 12 日
Well you're right that the UnknownTags contains the comment data but it's annoying that for some reason it's filled with spaces. Also, I'm not sure what the other tag is supposed to be.
>> tmp = struct2cell(x.UnknownTags);
>> char(tmp{3,1})
ans =
'H E L L O W O R L D '
>> char(tmp{3,2}) %tmp{3,2} = [28 234 0 0 0 8 0 ... 0] (1x2060)
ans =
'ê ' %cut off most spaces to fit on screen
I got a bit sidetracked here, but there's still no solid explanation to why the comments written using imwrite are not showing up outside Matlab.
Walter Roberson
2019 年 2 月 12 日
28 234 is 1c ea in hex. If we assume Little Endian then 0Xea1c which appears to be a Microsoft patented (!!) WindowsPadding tag. Basically it is space reserved in the file in anticipation that you might add more tags.
Walter Roberson
2019 年 2 月 12 日
My guess is that the comments were stored as UTF16, probably little endian. Do the numeric values alternate 32 and something useful or do they alternate 0 and something useful like would be the case for utf16?

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1 件の回答

Rik
回答者: Rik
2019 年 2 月 10 日

For my FEX submission PhotoAnnotation I bypass the built-in tools in favor of exiftool.
URL=['http://web.archive.org/web/20170820125224if_/',...
'https://www.sno.phy.queensu.ca/~phil/exiftool/exiftool-10.61.zip'];
urlwrite(URL,[folderpath 'exiftool.zip']);
You can either canibalize some functions I use in my GUI, or go through its documentation yourself. (I have no clue anymore how it works outside of my specific work flow, which I would say is both the upside and the downside of modular programming.)

  2 件のコメント

YT
2019 年 2 月 10 日
Well exiftool seems easy to use (from the lines I've seen in your function) but I don't really want to use another tool besides Matlab.
Rik
2019 年 2 月 11 日
Of course that is your decision to make. At least you have a backup method in case you don't get the pure-Matlab method to work.
For me exiftool was the better fit, as I wanted to use the same function in Octave as well, and the comment writing is not (yet?) implemented. (Or at least in the version I was using when writing PA)

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