Performing calculation across large data set

4 ビュー (過去 30 日間)
Erik J
Erik J 2017 年 1 月 29 日
編集済み: Guillaume 2017 年 1 月 30 日
I have a large matrix of latitude and longitude coordinates (343212 x 2 double). I want to calculate the distance between each set of coordinates in this matrix and a single reference coordinate. I am using the LatLon Distance function.
What I do not know how to do is loop through each pair of coordinates in the data set so that it returns a vector with the distance between each pair of coordinates and the reference point.
Any help is much appreciated, thank you.

採用された回答

Guillaume
Guillaume 2017 年 1 月 29 日
編集済み: Guillaume 2017 年 1 月 30 日
Assuming you're using R2016b, this modified function will work straight away with your matrix and single reference
function [d1km, d2km] = betterlldistkm(latlon1, latlon2)
% latlon1: either a single point (1x2) or a matrix of points (nx2)
% latlon2: either a single point (1x2) or a matrix of points (nx2)
% if both latlon1 and latlon2 are matrices of point, both must have the same number of points
radius = 6371;
latlon1 = latlon1 * pi/180;
latlon2 = latlon2 * pi/180;
delta = latlon1 - latlon2;
a = sin(delta(:, 1)/2).^2 + cos(latlon1(:, 1)).*cos(latlon2(:, 1)).*sin(delta(:, 2)/2).^2;
c = 2*atan2(sqrt(a), sqrt(1-a));
d1km = radius*c;
x = delta(:, 2) .* cos(latlon1(:, 1)+latlon2(:, 1))/2;
y = delta(:, 1);
d2km = radius * hypot(x, y);
end
Usage example:
a = rand(34312, 2);
b = rand(1);
[d1, d2] = betterlldistkm(a, b)
That's all.

その他の回答 (1 件)

Iddo Weiner
Iddo Weiner 2017 年 1 月 29 日
編集済み: Iddo Weiner 2017 年 1 月 29 日
a = rand(10,2); %change this to your data
out = nan(length(a));
for i = 1:(length(a))
out(i,1) = abs(mean([a(i,1),a(i,2)]) - constant part;
% change this function to the one you want to use, I just invented
% something for the example
end
  1 件のコメント
Guillaume
Guillaume 2017 年 1 月 29 日
Please, do not use length on matrices. Your code will fail if the input matrix only has one row (since length will then return the number of columns). Use size with a explicit dimension, in this case size(a, 1).
I wouldn't recommend length for vectors either. numel is safer.

サインインしてコメントする。

カテゴリ

Find more on Creating and Concatenating Matrices in Help Center and File Exchange

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by