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How to use RPC protocol (Remote Procedure Call) to send a HTTP request as formatted JSON to a web server?

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rasoul rad
rasoul rad 2017 年 1 月 13 日
コメント済み: rasoul rad 2017 年 1 月 20 日
I have a instrument that capture a set of data and works as a web service with IP address 172.20.32.192. I want to get some data from this instrument and I'm trying to communicate via Remote Procedure Call protocol (RPC protocol) because this device supports only RPC protocol. In the user manual of it, this expressed that the data exchange format is the JSON (JavaScript Object Notation). To communication, I must send a request via HTTP POST in the body of the HTTP request as a JSON object. The URL to do this is http://IP Address/rpc. According to the user manual contents, an example for request and response must be following:
request = {
"version": "1.0",
"proc": "GetPlantOverview",
"id": "1",
"format": "JSON"
}
response = {
"version": "1.0",
"proc": "GetPlantOverview",
"id": "1",
"result":
{
"overview":
[{
"meta": "GriPwr",
"name": "current power",
"value": "4250",
"unit": "W"
}]}}
I used the webread and webwrite functions with Query name-value pairs or Post name-value pairs like following:
options = weboptions('RequestMethod','post','ArrayFormat','json','Timeout',10);
resp = webread('http://172.20.32.192/rpc','version','1.0','proc','GetPlantOverview','id','1','format','json',options) % or using webwrite
but i got only HTML page that it wasn't like the response. How can i send a HTTP request as formatted JSON via RPC protocol to get data from that instrument? I'll be grateful for helps.

採用された回答

Robert Snoeberger
Robert Snoeberger 2017 年 1 月 17 日
編集済み: Robert Snoeberger 2017 年 1 月 17 日
The documentation for webread says that it only supports application/x-www-form-urlencoded for HTTP POST requests [1]. Since you are trying to send application/json, you need to use webwrite. I think the following should do what you want.
>> body.version = '1.0';
>> body.proc = 'GetPlantOverview';
>> body.id = '1';
>> body.format = 'JSON';
>> options = weboptions('MediaType', 'application/json');
>> resp = webwrite('http://172.20.32.192/rpc', body, options)
  1 件のコメント
rasoul rad
rasoul rad 2017 年 1 月 20 日
Hi Robert, Thank you so much for your answer. With your answer i figured out my problem. According to the user manual, i should have added "RPC=" syntax to my HTTP POST request in JSON format like following:
options = weboptions('RequestMethod','POST','MediaType','application/json','Timeout',10);
req = struct('version','1.0','proc','GetPlantOverview','id','1','format','JSON',);
req1 = jsonencode(req);
req2 = strcat('RPC=',req1); % add "RPC=" syntax to the HTTP request
resp = webwrite('http://172.20.32.192/rpc',req2,options)
Therefore, the response is received correctly. Again, i'm thankful very much for your answer.

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