How can I isolate a set of data points on a graph using conditionals?

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Howard Griggs 2024 年 2 月 16 日

I have the following sets of values, that when plotted, creates a simple linear graph (slope = 1). I would like to isolate the y values that are, for example, greater than or equal to 5 and plot them, while the other values would be set equal to zero. Therefore I would have a graph of the y values that are greater than or equal to 5 and y values that are equal to 0. For instance, in the code below, at x = 6, y = 6 and at x = 4, y = 4. I would want the new graph to set y = 0 at x =4 while keeping the y = 6 value.
In this specific case I know I could probably just index out the values I need, however, the data I am working with is not always the same. In my other attemps at solving this issue I tried using for loops to cycle through the data, but I could not figure out how to do it right. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
x = (1:1:10)
y = (1:1:10)
plot(x,y,'r')
grid on

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回答 (1 件)

Les Beckham 2024 年 2 月 16 日
The data doesn't need to be "linear" to use indexing to select the data that you want. For example:
x = 1:10;
y = rand(1, 10) * 10 % <<< random data between 1 and 10
y = 1×10
8.6063 6.1841 4.6272 1.3827 5.4659 0.3952 7.9899 4.2663 4.6411 8.2559
y_selected = y;
y_selected(y<5) = 0; % set any data less than 5 to 0 for plotting
plot(x, y_selected, '.-')
grid on

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