# doc QR decomposition error

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robin tournemenne 2023 年 10 月 20 日
コメント済み: Christine Tobler 2023 年 10 月 20 日
Dear Mathwork support,
the qr function doc has a mistake in it: R is a n by n triangular matrix (and not a m by n) and Q is a m by n orthogonal matrix. Consequently the correct sentence should be :
The factor R is an n-by-n upper-triangular matrix, and the factor Q is an m-by-n orthogonal matrix.

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### 回答 (1 件)

Christine Tobler 2023 年 10 月 20 日
Hi,
As you can see here, R is an m by n matrix and Q is an m by m matrix in the default behavior of the qr function:
A = randn(4, 3);
[m, n] = size(A)
m = 4
n = 3
[Q, R] = qr(A)
Q = 4×4
-0.0508 0.1227 0.8744 0.4668 0.1335 -0.3968 -0.3775 0.8260 -0.0578 0.9026 -0.2946 0.3084 0.9881 0.1128 0.0787 -0.0695
R = 4×3
1.5827 0.4303 1.0701 0 -1.0597 0.8078 0 0 2.3270 0 0 0
You may have been thinking about the "economy" syntax, where for the case of m >= n, Q is m by n and R is n by n.
[Q, R] = qr(A, "econ")
Q = 4×3
-0.0508 0.1227 0.8744 0.1335 -0.3968 -0.3775 -0.0578 0.9026 -0.2946 0.9881 0.1128 0.0787
R = 3×3
1.5827 0.4303 1.0701 0 -1.0597 0.8078 0 0 2.3270
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robin tournemenne 2023 年 10 月 20 日

Indeed you are right, such a tricky function to use. It took me a long time to understand the result of some pieces of code because of it. I think the doc should be more precise. Rectangular triangular matrices are not common to encounter to my point of view. It seems almost counter intuitive (after a certain column Q is not seen by R).
Christine Tobler 2023 年 10 月 20 日
It's certainly very common in some applications to always think of QR as the economy-size one, and in others to always think of it as the "complete" version, so it's easy to make assumptions of it always being one or the other.
Keep in mind that R can also be rectangular in the "economy" format, if the original matrix (A of size m-by-n) has fewer rows than columns (m<n). The only case where R is guaranteed to be square for a rectangular input matrix is when m>=n.

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