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Using an LDA Model with a tall table

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Kathryn Janiuk
Kathryn Janiuk 2023 年 3 月 23 日
回答済み: Christopher Creutzig 2024 年 1 月 19 日
Hello,
I am trying to read a .txt file that is ~39gb and is a lot of unstructured data. I am trying to run the file through an LDA model to run natural language processing on it. (I cannot post the actual file but it is just a large file that has data in it that doesn't have a specific structure to it)
Here is the code I have thus far, and I understand that some of the functions/commands may not work correctly but I am not sure what to do and am wondering how I should approach this.
Here is a draft of the code I have been working on thus far:
opts = delimitedTextImportOptions("NumVariables", 1);
% Specify range and delimiter
opts.DataLines = [1, Inf];
opts.Delimiter = "";
% Specify column names and types
opts.VariableNames = "Var";
opts.VariableTypes = "char";
% Specify file level properties
opts.ExtraColumnsRule = "ignore";
opts.EmptyLineRule = "read";
% Specify variable properties
opts = setvaropts(opts, "Var", "WhitespaceRule", "preserve");
opts = setvaropts(opts, "Var", "EmptyFieldRule", "auto");
% Import the data
ds = readtable("********", opts);
%% Clear temporary variables
clear opts
tt = tall(ds) %tt = tall table
tall2text = table2array(tt);
%%extract text data from under variable
textData = tt.Report;
textData(1:10)
%%preprocess text data
documents = preprocessText(textData);
documents(1:5)
%%create bag of words from tokenized data
bag = bagOfWords(documents)
%%remove infrequent words (words appearing 2 or less times), remove any
%%empy docs
bag = removeInfrequentWords(bag,2);
bag = removeEmptyDocuments(bag)
%%fit LDA model with 7 topics (change numTopics if different num topics
%%desired)
rng("default")
numTopics = 7;
mdl = fitlda(bag,numTopics,Verbose=0);
%%visualize topics in word cloud - view words with highest probabilities in
%%word clouds
figure(1)
t = tiledlayout("flow");
title(t,"LDA Topics")
for i = 1:numTopics
nexttile
wordcloud(mdl,i);
title("Topic " + i)
end
%%Preprocess function
function documents = preprocessText(textData)
% Tokenize the text.
documents = tokenizedDocument(textData);
% Lemmatize the words.
documents = normalizeWords(documents,Style="lemma");
% Erase punctuation.
documents = erasePunctuation(documents);
% Remove a list of stop words.
documents = removeStopWords(documents);
% Remove words with 2 or fewer characters, and words with 15 or greater
% characters.
documents = removeShortWords(documents,2);
documents = removeLongWords(documents,15);
end
I have looked at the documentation for parallel processing and haven't been able to figure out how to import the file - importing it as a dataframe hasn't worked due to how the file is set up. Any help would be appreciated!

採用された回答

Nikhilesh
Nikhilesh 2023 年 3 月 27 日
Here's an example of how you could modify your code to load the data in chunks
% Open the file
fid = fopen('large_file.txt');
% Read the file in chunks
chunk_size = 10*1024*1024; % 10 MB
data = '';
while ~feof(fid)
chunk = fread(fid, chunk_size, 'uint8=>char');
data = [data chunk];
% Preprocess the chunk
if numel(data) > 10*chunk_size
documents = preprocessText(data);
% Add code to process the chunk here
data = '';
end
end
% Close the file
fclose(fid);

その他の回答 (1 件)

Christopher Creutzig
Christopher Creutzig 2024 年 1 月 19 日
As Nikhilesh said, you probably want to process your data in some form of chunks. Since you want to fit an LDA model, the most obvious choice for chunks would be the documents you already need to define in some way while reading your data. (An LDA model of a single huge document doesn't make semantic sense, LDA is looking for differences between documents.)
Now, the important thing to realize is that while fitlda needs to look at all your data at once and cannot learn incrementally, it does not need all of your text data, just the whole bag of words. And that is something you can collect incrementally:
bag = bagOfWords;
while hasdata(myDataSource)
document = getNextDocument(myDataSource);
bag = addDocument(bag,document);
end
bag = removeInfrequentWords(bag,2);
bag = removeEmptyDocuments(bag);
mdl = fitlda(bag);

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