how to prealloacte and store values in a character array?

57 ビュー (過去 30 日間)
Muazma Ali
Muazma Ali 2022 年 8 月 2 日
編集済み: Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 12 日
Hi! :)
I want to make a character array consisting of 3 rows and 2 strings and firstly I dont know how I can preallocate it. I also tried to store values in it ( in the first row) using the attached code but failed to do so
best_salt_1 = "ZnBr2";
best_salt_2 = "Format";
combinations_of_best_salts=char(zeros(antall_soner,2))
combinations_of_best_salts(1,1:strlength(best_salt_1))=best_salt_1;
combinations_of_best_salts(1,strlength(best_salt_1):18- strlength(best_salt_2))=best_salt_2;
disp(combinations_of_best_salts)
  4 件のコメント
Stephen23
Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 2 日
編集済み: Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 2 日
@Muazma Ali: please show the expected output (not a description).
Muazma Ali
Muazma Ali 2022 年 8 月 2 日
編集済み: Muazma Ali 2022 年 8 月 12 日
@Stephen23 Row one of combinations_best_salts should be : ZnBr2 Format

サインインしてコメントする。

回答 (1 件)

Stephen23
Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 12 日
編集済み: Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 12 日
I am guessing that your strings have different lengths on different loop iterations, in which case it mght not be obvious how to preallocate the array.
Here are two alternative approaches:
N = 7; % number of rows
Character array (preallocated rows, expand columns as required):
M = char(nan(N,0));
for k = 1:N
[S1,S2] = rndstr(k); % random strings
V = sprintf('%s %s',S1,S2);
M(k,1:numel(V)) = V;
end
display(M)
M = 7×12 char array
'd!=.) AFS ' '#TIH@ [=:[ ' 'c<Qtu 4%J ' 'T|db5|! Ij3r' 'r4wN hQ<2(f ' '@n$+XRH [JfQ' 'jJe SP':O`l '
Cell array to collect data, CHAR() after the loop:
C = cell(1,N);
for k = 1:N
[S1,S2] = rndstr(k); % random strings
C{k} = sprintf('%s %s',S1,S2);
end
M = char(C{:})
M = 7×12 char array
'd!=.) AFS ' '#TIH@ [=:[ ' 'c<Qtu 4%J ' 'T|db5|! Ij3r' 'r4wN hQ<2(f ' '@n$+XRH [JfQ' 'jJe SP':O`l '
function [st1,st2] = rndstr(k)
rng(k);
st1 = string(char(randi([33,126],1,randi([3,7]))));
st2 = string(char(randi([33,126],1,randi([3,7]))));
end
  4 件のコメント
Stephen23
Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 12 日
編集済み: Stephen23 2022 年 8 月 12 日
"what is the input k in your last alternative..?"
k is the loop iterator. You can find the MATLAB documentation for FOR loops here: https://www.mathworks.com/help/matlab/ref/for.html
It is not clear what you mean by "input k": I provided the iterator as an input to my fake-data generator function in order to reset the random number generator, so that both loops would provide exactly the same random numbers and give exactly the same output character matrix. This is completely superfluous and unrelated to the answer, because of course you would use your strings, not my fake data.
"can you try to explain what your last alternative does, line by line.., please?"
C = cell(1,N); % preallocate a cell array to hold character vectors
for k = 1:N % loop N times
[S1,S2] = rndstr(k); % create fake data strings (you use your strings)
C{k} = sprintf('%s %s',S1,S2); % create character vector and store in cell array
end %
M = char(C{:}) % join all character vectors into one character matrix
Note that CHAR() automatically pads the character vectors with spaces, in order to create the matrix.
Muazma Ali
Muazma Ali 2022 年 8 月 12 日
@Stephen23 thanks, now I understand the code !:)

サインインしてコメントする。

カテゴリ

Help Center および File ExchangeCharacters and Strings についてさらに検索

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by