how to split image to 3 parts

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amr elslene
amr elslene 2021 年 12 月 30 日
コメント済み: Meg Noah 2022 年 1 月 2 日

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2021 年 12 月 30 日
Like top third, left bottom panel, and right bottom panel? Is the image the same size every time so that all dividing rows and column can be determined in advance?
[rows, columns, numberOfColorChannels] = size(rgbImage);
row1 = round(rows/3);
col1 = round(columns/2);
topThird = rgbImage(1 : row1, :, :);
leftPanel = rgbImage(row1 + 1 : end, 1 : col1, :);
rightPanel = rgbImage(row1 + 1 : end, col1 + 1 : end, :);
  8 件のコメント
Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2021 年 12 月 31 日
@amr elslene, well it would have been nice to know that before.
See attached demo. It will be easy to adapt it to find characters once you have extracted each panel.

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その他の回答 (1 件)

Meg Noah
Meg Noah 2022 年 1 月 2 日
Here are two ways:
close all
clear
clc
[imdata,~] = imread('image.jpeg');
% split into three color channels of equal size
imRed = squeeze(imdata(:,:,1));
imGreen = squeeze(imdata(:,:,2));
imBlue = squeeze(imdata(:,:,3));
figure()
subplot(2,2,1)
imagesc(imRed)
axis off; axis equal;
colormap(gca,'gray')
title('Red')
subplot(2,2,2)
imagesc(imGreen)
axis off; axis equal;
colormap(gca,'gray')
title('Green')
subplot(2,2,3)
imagesc(imBlue)
axis off; axis equal;
colormap(gca,'gray')
title('Blue')
subplot(2,2,4)
imagesc(imdata)
axis off; axis equal;
title('Color Composite')
% spatial
[nrow,ncol] = size(imGreen);
[Cols,Rows] = meshgrid(1:ncol,1:nrow);
lowerRegion = imGreen;
lowerRegion(lowerRegion < 200) = 0;
lowerRegion(lowerRegion > 0) = 1;
L = bwlabel(lowerRegion);
% can logically evaluate a histcounts of L to determine thresholds
lowerLCol1 = min(Cols(L == 2));
lowerLCol2 = max(Cols(L == 2));
lowerLRow1 = min(Rows(L == 2));
lowerLRow2 = max(Rows(L == 2));
imLowerL = imdata(lowerLRow1:lowerLRow2,lowerLCol1:lowerLCol2,:);
lowerRCol1 = min(Cols(L == 4));
lowerRCol2 = max(Cols(L == 4));
lowerRRow1 = min(Rows(L == 4));
lowerRRow2 = max(Rows(L == 4));
imLowerR = imdata(lowerRRow1:lowerRRow2,lowerRCol1:lowerRCol2,:);
topRegion = 1 - lowerRegion;
topRegion = imopen(topRegion,ones(7,1));
topRegion = imopen(topRegion,ones(1,7));
topCol1 = min(Cols(topRegion > 0));
topCol2 = max(Cols(topRegion > 0));
topRow1 = min(Rows(topRegion == 1));
topRow2 = max(Rows(topRegion == 1));
imTop = imdata(topRow1:topRow2,topCol1:topCol2,:);
figure()
subplot(2,2,1);
imagesc(imTop);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Top Image');
subplot(2,2,2);
imagesc(imLowerL);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Lower Left Image');
subplot(2,2,3);
imagesc(imLowerR);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Lower Right Image');
subplot(2,2,4);
imagesc(L);
axis off; axis equal;
title('Color Coded Regions');
by color component
by spatial
  2 件のコメント
Meg Noah
Meg Noah 2022 年 1 月 2 日
Continuing with the previous script:
% getting the text
tmp = imGreen(lowerLRow1:lowerLRow2,lowerLCol1:lowerLCol2,:);
tmp(tmp < 190) = 0;
tmp(tmp > 0) = 1;
% invert
tmp = 1 - tmp;
% remove border artifacts
tmp(1,:) = 0;
tmp(:,1) = 0;
tmp(end,:) = 0;
tmp(:,end) = 0;
% close to get full font
tmp = imclose(tmp,ones(5,5));
% blob color
LL = bwlabel(tmp);
[nr,nc] = size(LL);
[Cols,Rows] = meshgrid(1:nc,1:nr);
LLCol1 = min(Cols(LL == 1));
LLCol2 = max(Cols(LL == 1));
LLRow1 = min(Rows(LL == 1));
LLRow2 = max(Rows(LL == 1));
imFont1 = imLowerL(LLRow1:LLRow2,LLCol1:LLCol2,:);
LLCol1 = min(Cols(LL == 2));
LLCol2 = max(Cols(LL == 2));
LLRow1 = min(Rows(LL == 2));
LLRow2 = max(Rows(LL == 2));
imFont2 = imLowerL(LLRow1:LLRow2,LLCol1:LLCol2,:);
LLCol1 = min(Cols(LL == 3));
LLCol2 = max(Cols(LL == 3));
LLRow1 = min(Rows(LL == 3));
LLRow2 = max(Rows(LL == 3));
imFont3 = imLowerL(LLRow1:LLRow2,LLCol1:LLCol2,:);
figure()
subplot(2,2,1)
imagesc(LL);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,2)
imagesc(imFont1);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,3)
imagesc(imFont2);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,4)
imagesc(imFont3);
axis off; axis equal;
tmp = imGreen(lowerRRow1:lowerRRow2,lowerRCol1:lowerRCol2,:);
tmp(tmp < 190) = 0;
tmp(tmp > 0) = 1;
% invert
tmp = 1 - tmp;
% remove border artifacts
tmp(1,:) = 0;
tmp(:,1) = 0;
tmp(end,:) = 0;
tmp(:,end) = 0;
% close to get full font
tmp = imclose(tmp,ones(5,5));
% blob color
LR = bwlabel(tmp);
[nr,nc] = size(LR);
[Cols,Rows] = meshgrid(1:nc,1:nr);
LRCol1 = min(Cols(LR == 1));
LRCol2 = max(Cols(LR == 1));
LRRow1 = min(Rows(LR == 1));
LRRow2 = max(Rows(LR == 1));
imFont1 = imLowerR(LRRow1:LRRow2,LRCol1:LRCol2,:);
LRCol1 = min(Cols(LR == 2));
LRCol2 = max(Cols(LR == 2));
LRRow1 = min(Rows(LR == 2));
LRRow2 = max(Rows(LR == 2));
imFont2 = imLowerR(LRRow1:LRRow2,LRCol1:LRCol2,:);
LRCol1 = min(Cols(LR == 3));
LRCol2 = max(Cols(LR == 3));
LRRow1 = min(Rows(LR == 3));
LRRow2 = max(Rows(LR == 3));
imFont3 = imLowerR(LRRow1:LRRow2,LRCol1:LRCol2,:);
figure()
subplot(2,2,1)
imagesc(LR);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,2)
imagesc(imFont1);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,3)
imagesc(imFont2);
axis off; axis equal;
subplot(2,2,4)
imagesc(imFont3);
axis off; axis equal;

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