Quiver_by_plot

バージョン 3.01 (30.1 KB) 作成者: L Chi
Plot "perfect" colorful arrows in matlab with more editable properties than quiver.

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更新 2022/2/3

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1. Introduction

1.1 Features/Why I wrote this

  • More flexibility than the built-in function quiver.

    The arrows are generated by plot/patch, which provides the possibility that everything can be adjusted. Here are some of the examples:

    • The length of head (fixed length, or a ratio to the arrow length, etc.)

    • Angles between two edges of head.

    • Show/hide the head of arrows.

    • Show/hide the body of arrows.

    • Other properties in plot or patch.

    • ...

  • Colorful arrows adopted to current colormap

  • Support creating vector time series

  • "Perfect" arrows

1.2 Functions included

  • FUN_quiver_by_plotV2.m

    ​ Plot single color arrows by plot

  • FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_mmap.m

    ​ This is same as FUN_quiver_by_plotV2.m but compatible with mmap

  • FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch.m

    ​ Plot colorful arrows based on patch. The color of arrows depends on colormap.

  • FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch_mmap.m

    ​ This is same as FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch.m but compatible with mmap

  • FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_preset_cmap.m

    ​ [not recommended!] This is similar to FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch but the color is defined based on a fixed colormap, which must be specified

Limitation

To create a perfect arrow, the xlim and ylim must be defined explicitly and it should not be changed after calling this toolbox.

2. Install

You need to add this to the searching path of your Matlab environment before using them. The private folder must be put in the same folder as FUN_quiver_by_plotV2*.m. The subfolders (private, doc) should not be added to the searching path. It can be done by two ways:

If you have GUI access to Matlab :

Click "Home tab> Set Path". It will open a dialog for setting the path. Then, click "Add Folder...", add the root path of this package (the folder contains functions FUN_quiver_by_plotV2*.m), then click "Save" near the bottom of the dialog.

If you are in a command line environment:

  • Method 1 (recommended):

    addpath('/path/to/Quiver_by_plotV2/');
    savepath
    
  • Method 2: Matlab will run startup.m during boot automatically if the file exists. Thus, you can add addpath('/path/to/Quiver_by_plotV2/'); to the startup.m file and make sure that the startup.m is put in existing searching path. This provide more flexibility.

3. How to use this toolbox

3.1 Plot arrows without colormap (FUN_quiver_by_plotV2.m)

FUN_quiver_by_plotV2

[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v)
[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale)
[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale, ...)

INPUT:

​ x, y, u, v : input data ​ vel_scale [optional, default: 1 ] ​ 0: auto scale
​ 1: No scale, the original u/v will be used ​ otherwise: this scale will be applied to u and v.

Other parameters
Parameter Default value Notes
is_plot_head true show/hide head of arrows
is_plot_body true show/hide body of arrows
fill_head false If this is true, a filled triangle will be used as the head of each arrow.
In this case, patch, instead of plot, is used to plot arrow heads.
color 'k' color of arrows
head_length_pixel 0 length of (the wing of) arrow head in units of pixel

It shares the same unit with u and v. (Thus, the vel_scale will also be applied to head_length)
0 : it is set according to the gca (width & length in pixel).
>0 : it is the absolute length of the arrow head
-1~0: it is the percent of total vector length at each point.
head_length_min_pixel 0 minimal length of arrow head length in units of pixel.
head_angle 15 Angle between arrow head and arrow body
2*head_angle is the angle between the two wings of the arrow head.
is_correct_angle false This is for vector time series and some special cases.
is_correct_angle_by_edit_v false
interval 1 interval
interval_x interval interval for the first dim (usually x)
interval_y interval interval for the second dim (usually y)
is_plot_via_arrayfun false Call plot via arrayfun. This is useful if you want to change properties of a subsample of arrows.
false: The returned handles h1 & h2 are 1 x 1 matrix (one for array body and one for arrow head)
true: The returned handles h1 & h2 are [m x 1] matrix (one for array body and one for arrow head)
Note: this does not support colorful plots yet.
.... [varargin] .... Other parameters (e.g., 'linewidth') applicable to plot for regular plots or patch for colorful arrows.
Parameters not recommended
Parameter Default value Notes
head_length 0 length of (the wing of) arrow head in the same unit as x-axis

It shares the same unit with u and v. (Thus, the vel_scale will also be applied to head_length)
0 : it is set according to the gca (width & length in pixel).
>0 : it is the absolute length of the arrow head
-1~0: it is the percent of total vector length at each point.
head_length_min 0 minimal length of arrow head

Output

  • h1: handle array for arrow body
  • h2: handle array for arrow head
  • uu [ 3 x N ]: x coordinate for arrow body, the 3 values in each col are [ x_origin; x_head; Nan]​
  • vv [ 3 x N ]: y coordinate for arrow body, the 3 values in each col are [ y_origin; y_head; Nan]
  • hu [ 4 x N ]: x coordinate for arrow head, the 4 values in each col are [ x_head_wing1, x_head_center, x_head_wing2; Nan]​
  • hv [ 4 x N ]: y coordinate for arrow head, the 4 values in each col are [ y_head_wing1, y_head_center, y_head_wing2; Nan]

​ you can re-plot the arrows by uu,vv hu, hv:

   plot( uu(:), vv(:) ); % plot arrow body
   hold on
   plot( hu(:), hv(:) ); % plot arrow head

Demos

Data used in this demo is generated by the following codes

x = -1:0.2:1;
y = -1:0.2:1;

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y);
X=X';
Y=Y';

theta = atan2d(Y,X);

r = sqrt( X.^2 + Y.^2);

u =  sind( theta ) .* r / 100;
v = -cosd( theta ) .* r / 100;

x = x*10 - 75;
y = y*10 + 35;

This is also available here: Data_demo_1.mat.

Demo - plot arrows.
figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0 )

title('Example 3.1: FUN_quiver_by_plotV2','Interpreter','none');

FUN_easy_export_fig('Example_3.1.jpg','-m2');

Example_1.2a

Demo - set absolute scale
vel_scale1 = 200;
vel_scale2 = 300;

figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

hold on

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale1, 'color','m' );
hd2 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale2, 'color','k' );

lid = legend( [hd1, hd2], 'scale=200', 'scale=300');
set(lid,'Interpreter','none');
box on

title('Example 1.2 "scale"');

Example_1.2

Demo - set head length in pixel (parameter: 'head_length_pixel').
head_length1 = 20;
head_length2 = 10;

figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

hold on

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'head_length_pixel', head_length1, 'color','m' );
hd2 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'head_length_pixel', head_length2, 'color','k' );

lid = legend( [hd1, hd2], 'head_length_pixel=20', 'head_length_pixel=10');
set(lid,'Interpreter','none');
box on

title('Example 1.3: "head_length (positive)"','Interpreter','none');		

Example_1.3a

head_length1 = -0.6;
head_length2 = -0.3;

figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

hold on

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'head_length_pixel', head_length1, 'color','m' );
hd2 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'head_length_pixel', head_length2, 'color','k' );

lid = legend( [hd1, hd2], 'head_length_pixel=-0.6', 'head_length_pixel=-0.3');
set(lid,'Interpreter','none');
box on

title('Example 1.3: "head_length (negative)"','Interpreter','none');

Example_1.3b

Demo - set head angle (parameter: 'head_angle').
head_angle1 = 20;
head_angle2 = 40;

figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

hold on

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'head_angle', head_angle1, 'color','m' );
hd2 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'head_angle', head_angle2, 'color','k' );

lid = legend( [hd1, hd2], 'head_angle=20', 'head_angle=40');
set(lid,'Interpreter','none');
box on

title('Example 1.4: "head_angle"','Interpreter','none');

Example_1.4

Demo - hide arrow head (parameter: 'is_plot_head').
figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

hold on

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'is_plot_head', false );
box on

title('Example 1.5: "is_plot_head=false"','Interpreter','none');

Example_1.5

Demo - hide arrow body (parameter: 'is_plot_body').
figure
xlim([-88 -62]);
ylim([22 48]);

hold on

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, 0, 'is_plot_body', false, 'head_length_pixel', 30, 'color','k' );
box on

title({'Example 1.6: "is_plot_body=false"','In this case, length of the arrow head must be','provided in parameter "head_length"'},'Interpreter','none');

Example_1.6

Demo - perfect arrow head
figure
xlim([-0.2 1]*0.4);
ylim([-0.2 1]*1);
hold on

% this toolbox
hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( 0, 0, 5, 5,0.050 );

% built-in matlab function
hd2 = quiver(0, 0, 5, 5 , 0.05, 'color','r', 'AutoScale', 'off','MaxHeadSize',15);

lid = legend( [hd1, hd2], 'FUN_quiver_by_plotV2', 'quiver');
set(lid,'Interpreter','none');
box on

title('Example 1.8: a "perfect" arrow','Interpreter','none');

Example_1.8

3.2 Plot colorful arrows (FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch)

[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v)
[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale)
[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale, 'zval', zval)
[h1,h2, uu, vv, hu, hv] = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, y, u, v, vel_scale, 'zval', zval, ...)

INPUT

  • paramter 'zval' is used to determine the color. By default, zval = sqrt( u.^2 + v.^2).
  • Other parameters are identical to FUN_quiver_by_plotV2.

output

  • Identical to FUN_quiver_by_plotV2.

Demo

Demo - a simple case

In this case, the color is defined by the length of arrows, which is usually the magnitude of velocities.

%% prepare data
x = 1:40;
y = 1:30;

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y);
X=X';
Y=Y';

u = sin( 2*pi/30 .* X );
v = cos( 2*pi/30 .* Y );

% plot
figure

arrow_scale = 0; % 0: the scale is determined by the script automatically.
FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch( x, y, u, v, arrow_scale );

grid on
box on
xlabel('x');
ylabel('y');
colorbar

title({'Example 1: a simple case', 'Color is defined by the magnitude of arrows'});

Demo_2.1

Demo - the color is defined by a given matrix

In this example, the arrow color is defined in parameter zval.

%% prepare data
x = 1:40;
y = 1:30;

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y);
X=X';
Y=Y';

u = sin( 2*pi/30 .* X );
v = cos( 2*pi/30 .* Y );

%% plot
figure
xlim([1 41]);
ylim([1 31]);


arrow_scale = 0; %auto

value_for_color = sqrt(X.^2+Y.^2);
FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch( x, y, u, v, arrow_scale, 'zval', value_for_color );

grid on
box on

xlabel('x');
ylabel('y');

colorbar

title({'Example 2.2: Color is defined by parameter "zval"'});

Example_2.2

3.3 Work with mmap

3.3.1 Simple arrows (FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_mmap)

Inputs are identical to FUN_quiver_by_plotV2.

It is recommended to call m_grid before FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_mmap

%% prepare data

x = -1:0.2:1;
y = -1:0.2:1;

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y);
X=X';
Y=Y';

theta = atan2d(Y,X);

r = sqrt( X.^2 + Y.^2);

u =  sind( theta ) .* r / 100;
v = -cosd( theta ) .* r / 100;

x = x*10 - 75;
y = y*10 + 35;

%% plot
figure
hold on

m_proj('lambert', 'lon', [-88 -62], 'lat', [22 48] );
m_grid;

hd1 = FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_mmap( x, y, u, v, 0 );

m_coast('color','b')

title({'Example 3.1: Arrows on m_map'},'Interpreter','none');

Example_3.1

3.3.2 Colorful arrows (FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch_mmap)

Inputs are identical to FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch.

It is recommended to call m_grid before FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_mmap

%% prepare data

x = -1:0.2:1;
y = -1:0.2:1;

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y);
X=X';
Y=Y';

theta = atan2d(Y,X);

r = sqrt( X.^2 + Y.^2);

u =  sind( theta ) .* r / 100;
v = -cosd( theta ) .* r / 100;

x = x*10 - 75;
y = y*10 + 35;

%% plot
figure
hold on

m_proj('lambert', 'lon', [-88 -62], 'lat', [22 48] );
m_grid

FUN_quiver_by_plotV2_cmap_patch_mmap( x, y, u, v, 0 );
m_coast('color','b')
colorbar

title({'Example 3.2: Colorful arrows on m_map'},'Interpreter','none');

Example_3.2

3.4. Vector Time Series

To plot vector time series, plot set is_correct_angle to true.

%% prepare data

x = 0:5:270;
u = cosd(x);
v = sind(x);

%% Example 1.1 A simple case

figure('position',[  100 100  980  300])
hold on

% please always set xlim and ylim first
xlim([min(x) max(x)]);
ylim([-1.2 1.2])
vel_plot_scale = 1; % arrow sacle

% plot arrows
% 'is_correct_angle' is set to true to plot arrows according to its real
%   direction, ignorning the ratio between x & y axis. 
FUN_quiver_by_plotV2( x, zeros(size(x)), u, v, vel_plot_scale, 'is_correct_angle', true, 'is_plot_head', false);
box on

plot( x, zeros(size(x)), '-b');

title('Example: Vector time series');	

Example_1.1

4. Acknowledgements

Matlab script plotboxpos, which is available from https://github.com/kakearney/plotboxpos-pkg, is adopted to calculate the accurate axis ratio.

引用

L Chi (2022). Quiver_by_plot (https://github.com/HappySpring/Quiver_by_plot/releases/tag/v3.01), GitHub. 取得済み .

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