MATLAB Answers

How to input pi

5,052 ビュー (過去 30 日間)
Anthony
Anthony 2016 年 9 月 20 日
コメント済み: Vignesh Shetty 2020 年 4 月 6 日
How can i enter pi into an equation on matlab?

  1 件のコメント

Vignesh Shetty
Vignesh Shetty 2020 年 4 月 6 日
Hi Anthony!
Its very easy to get the value of π. As π is a floating point number declare a long variable then assign 'pi' to that long variable you will get the value.
Eg:-
format long
p=pi

サインインしてコメントする。

採用された回答

Geoff Hayes
Geoff Hayes 2016 年 9 月 20 日
編集済み: MathWorks Support Team 2018 年 11 月 28 日
Anthony - use pi which returns the floating-point number nearest the value of π. So in your code, you could do something like
sin(pi)

  0 件のコメント

サインインしてコメントする。

その他の回答 (2 件)

Essam Aljahmi
Essam Aljahmi 2018 年 5 月 31 日
編集済み: Walter Roberson 2018 年 5 月 31 日
28t2e0.3466tcos(0.6πt+π3)ua(t).

  5 件のコメント

表示 2 件の古いコメント
Roger Pou
Roger Pou 2018 年 10 月 20 日
because it is maybe a joke. maybe its the same value as pi but with a long formula.
Image Analyst
Image Analyst 2018 年 10 月 20 日
Attached is code to compute Ramanujan's formula for pi, voted the ugliest formula of all time.
.
Actually I think it's amazing that something analytical that complicated and with a variety of operations (addition, division, multiplication, factorial, square root, exponentiation, and summation) could create something as "simple" as pi.
Unfortunately it seems to get to within MATLAB's precision after just one iteration - I'd have like to see how it converges as afunction of iteration (summation term). (Hint: help would be appreciated.)
John D'Errico
John D'Errico 2018 年 11 月 28 日
As I recall, these approximations tend to give a roughly fixed number of digits per term. I'll do it using HPF, but syms would also work.
DefaultNumberOfDigits 500
n = 10;
piterms = zeros(n+1,1,'hpf');
f = sqrt(hpf(2))*2/9801*hpf(factorial(0));
piterms(1) = f*1103;
hpf396 = hpf(396)^4;
for k = 1:n
hpfk = hpf(k);
f = f*(4*hpfk-3)*(4*hpfk-2)*(4*hpfk-1)*4/(hpfk^3)/hpf396;
piterms(k+1) = f*(1103 + 26390*hpfk);
end
piapprox = 1./cumsum(piterms);
pierror = double(hpf('pi') - piapprox))
pierror =
-7.6424e-08
-6.3954e-16
-5.6824e-24
-5.2389e-32
-4.9442e-40
-4.741e-48
-4.5989e-56
-4.5e-64
-4.4333e-72
-4.3915e-80
-4.3696e-88
So roughly 8 digits per term in this series. Resetting the default number of digits to used to 1000, then n=125, so a total of 126 terms in the series, we can pretty quickly get a 1000 digit approximation to pi:
pierror = hpf('pi') - piapprox(end + [-3:0])
pierror =
HPF array of size: 4 1
|1,1| -1.2060069282720814803655e-982
|2,1| -1.25042729756426e-990
|3,1| -1.296534e-998
|4,1| -8.e-1004
So as you see, it generates a very reliable 8 digits per term in the sum.
piapprox(end)
ans =
3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197169399375105820974944592307816406286208998628034825342117067982148086513282306647093844609550582231725359408128481117450284102701938521105559644622948954930381964428810975665933446128475648233786783165271201909145648566923460348610454326648213393607260249141273724587006606315588174881520920962829254091715364367892590360011330530548820466521384146951941511609433057270365759591953092186117381932611793105118548074462379962749567351885752724891227938183011949129833673362440656643086021394946395224737190702179860943702770539217176293176752384674818467669405132000568127145263560827785771342757789609173637178721468440901224953430146549585371050792279689258923542019956112129021960864034418159813629774771309960518707211349999998372978049951059731732816096318595024459455346908302642522308253344685035261931188171010003137838752886587533208381420617177669147303598253490428755468731159562863882353787593751957781857780532171226806613001927876611195909216420199
hpf('pi')
ans =
3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197169399375105820974944592307816406286208998628034825342117067982148086513282306647093844609550582231725359408128481117450284102701938521105559644622948954930381964428810975665933446128475648233786783165271201909145648566923460348610454326648213393607260249141273724587006606315588174881520920962829254091715364367892590360011330530548820466521384146951941511609433057270365759591953092186117381932611793105118548074462379962749567351885752724891227938183011949129833673362440656643086021394946395224737190702179860943702770539217176293176752384674818467669405132000568127145263560827785771342757789609173637178721468440901224953430146549585371050792279689258923542019956112129021960864034418159813629774771309960518707211349999998372978049951059731732816096318595024459455346908302642522308253344685035261931188171010003137838752886587533208381420617177669147303598253490428755468731159562863882353787593751957781857780532171226806613001927876611195909216420199
I also ran it for 100000 digits, so 12500 terms. It took a little more time, but was entirely possible to compute. I don't recall which similar approximation I used some time ago, but I once used it to compute 1 million or so digits of pi in HPF. HPF currently stores a half million digits as I recall.
As far as understanding how to derive that series, I would leave that to Ramanujan, and only hope he is listening on on this.

サインインしてコメントする。


Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson 2018 年 10 月 20 日
If you are constructing an equation using the symbolic toolbox use sym('pi')

  0 件のコメント

サインインしてコメントする。

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by