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error using zeros,integers problem

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kostas zervos
kostas zervos 2016 年 9 月 9 日
コメント済み: kostas zervos 2016 年 9 月 9 日
i have this code
x = 1 +((riskf_end - riskf_start)/riskf_step);
y = 1 +((volatility_end - volatility_start)/volatility_step);
A = zeros(1 + x, 1 + y);
x and y are integers but the output of y is in exp notation and the 'zeros' command takes y as non integer. i can't figure this out.I tried 'format long g' but again the matrix does not recognize y as an integer.
ex.
riskf_end = 0.04
riskf_start = 0
riskf_step = 0.001
volatility_start = 0.13
volatility_step = 0.0001
volatility_end = 0.25
when putting volatility_step = 0.001 the problem disappears, but for smaller steps it apears again.x and y are always integers as the step will always be smaller than the boundaries. I would appriciate any help.Thanks in advance.

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Mischa Kim
Mischa Kim 2016 年 9 月 9 日
Why not simply round the numbers, e.g.
A = zeros(1 + round(x), 1 + round(y));
  4 件のコメント
Guillaume
Guillaume 2016 年 9 月 9 日
編集済み: Guillaume 2016 年 9 月 9 日
@Kostas, I think you misunderstood Mischa. He's telling you to round the inputs you give to the zeros function (so x and y), not your original values ( the riskf_* and volatility_* which obviously have to stay what they are).
The problem you are encountering is that, even if the numbers are symbolically integer, since computers can only store an approximate representation of most numbers, you have small rounding errors that means the result of calculation is often not exactly integer. As point out by Mischa, your y is 0.00000000000181... off from the integer 12001.
You can't avoid that, so if the result is meant to be integer, simply round it to integer.
Note that playing with format will have absolutely no effect on the actual value of the number. format only changes the way matlab displays numbers to you, not how they are stored in memory.
kostas zervos
kostas zervos 2016 年 9 月 9 日
I think i found a solution.Instead of dividing end-start with step,i do it seperately, end/step - start/step.The problem disappeared and the outputs are presented as integers.Thanks for the answers guys,i appriciate it.If the problem reappears i will try rounding the numbers.

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