# sarSurfaceRCS

Radar cross-section of target for SAR

## Description

example

rcs = sarSurfaceRCS(sigmaref,freq,freqref,rngazres,grazang) returns the target radar cross-section (RCS) for SAR as projected on the ground.

example

rcs = sarSurfaceRCS(sigmaref,freq,freqref,rngazres,grazang,n) specifies a frequency-dependent proportionality factor that depends upon the target characteristics.

rcs = sarSurfaceRCS(nrcs,rngazres,grazang) uses as input the surface normalized radar cross-section, also known as the reflectivity or σ0.

## Examples

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Estimate the target radar cross-section (RCS) of a side-looking airborne SAR operating at frequencies between 16 GHz to 17 GHz and grazing at 30${}^{\circ }$. The target reflectivity is –25 dB at the Ku band (nominally 16.7 GHz). The radar has a slant range resolution of 15 m and an azimuth resolution of 18 m. Assume a frequency-dependent proportionality factor of 1.

f = 16e9:1e7:17e9;

sigmaref = -25;
fref = 16.7e9;

rngazres = [15 18];
grazang = 30;

Convert the reflectivity to linear units. Compute the target RCS.

sigma = sarSurfaceRCS(db2pow(sigmaref),f,fref,rngazres,grazang);

Plot the RCS in decibels as a function of frequency.

plot(f/1e9,pow2db(sigma),'.-')
xlabel('Frequency (GHz)')
ylabel('Target RCS (dBsm)')

## Input Arguments

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Reflectivity at nominal reference frequency in square meters per square meter, specified as a positive real scalar.

Data Types: double

Radar frequency in hertz, specified as a positive real scalar or a vector.

Data Types: double

Nominal reference frequency in hertz, specified as a positive real scalar.

Data Types: double

Slant range and azimuth resolutions, specified as a 1-by-2 row vector of positive real scalars.

• The first element of rngazres specifies the slant range resolution in meters.

• The second element of rngazres specifies the azimuth or cross-range resolution in meters.

Data Types: double

Grazing angle in degrees, specified as a scalar in the range [0, 90].

Data Types: double

Frequency-dependent proportionality factor, specified as a real scalar. For distributed targets, n varies between 0 and 1. For nondistributed targets, n is a positive real scalar.

Data Types: double

Surface normalized radar cross-section in square meters per square meter, specified as a nonnegative scalar or row vector. The surface normalized radar cross-section is also known as the reflectivity or σ0.

Data Types: double

## Output Arguments

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Target radar cross-section for SAR as projected on the ground in square meters, returned as a scalar or a vector. rcs has the same dimensions as either freq or nrcs.

## Version History

Introduced in R2021a