Entity Input Switch

Switch input entities

  • Library:
  • SimEvents

Description

Note

This page is the block reference page for the Input Switch block introduced in R2016a. To see the documentation on the previous Input Switch block, see Input Switch (Obsolete).

A typical scenario in which you might use an input switch is when multiple sources of entities feed into a single queue, where the sequencing follows specific rules. For example, users of terminals in a time-shared computer submit jobs to a queue that feeds into the central processing unit, where an algorithm regulates access to the queue so as to prevent unfair domination by any one user.

For an example, see Generate Entities When Events Occur.

Combine Entity Paths

You can merge multiple paths into a single path using the Entity Input Switch block with the Active port selection parameter set to All. Merging entity paths does not change the entities themselves, just as merging lanes on a road does not change the vehicles that travel on it. In particular, the Entity Input Switch block does not create aggregates or batches.

Here are some scenarios in which you might combine entity paths:

  • Attaching different data — Multiple entity generator blocks create entities having different values for a particular attribute. The entities then follow a merged path but might be treated differently later based on their individual attribute values.

  • Merging queues — Multiple queues merge into a single queue.

  • Connecting a feedback path — A feedback path enters the same queue as an ordinary path.

Sequence Simultaneous Pending Arrivals

The Entity Input Switch block does not experience any collisions, even if multiple entities attempt to arrive at the same time. The categories of behavior are as follows:

  • If the entity output port is not blocked when the entities attempt to arrive, then the sequence of arrivals depends on the sequence of departure events from blocks that precede the Entity Input Switch block.

    Even if the departure time is the same for multiple entities, the sequence might affect the system's behavior. For example, if the entities advance to a queue, the departure sequence determines their positions in the queue.

  • If pending entities are waiting to advance to the Entity Input Switch block when its entity output port changes from blocked to unblocked, then the entity input ports are notified of the change sequentially. The change from blocked to unblocked means that an entity can advance to the Entity Input Switch block.

    If at least two entities are waiting to advance to the Entity Input Switch block via distinct entity input ports, then the notification sequence is important because the first port to be notified of the change is the first to advance an entity to the Entity Input Switch block.

Select Arrival Path

The Entity Input Switch block allows arrival of entities at its ports. The selected entity input port can change during the simulation.

You can also select the criterion for switching between input ports.

  • Select Round robin to select ports in a round robin fashion.

  • Select From control port to let the control port determine the selected port.

  • Select Equiprobable to let the block randomly select any port with equal probability.

Ports

Input

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Input entity port for entities entering the block.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | Boolean | enumerated | bus

Input entity port for entities entering the block.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | Boolean | enumerated | bus

Input control port for the incoming control entity that determines the input port for the entities arriving at the block.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32

Output

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Output entity port for entities exiting the block.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | Boolean | enumerated | bus

Parameters

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Determines how many entity input ports the block has.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: NumberInputPorts
Type: character vector
Values: '2' | scalar
Default: '2'

Specify the active input port to allow arrival of entities at all ports or one port at a time. Select All to combine entity paths and allow arrival of entities at all ports. Select Switch to allow arrival of an entity at only one port at a time.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: ActivePortSelection
Type: character vector
Values: 'All' | 'Switch'
Default: 'All'

Select the criterion for switching between input ports.

  • Select Round robin to select ports in a round robin fashion. Set the initial port in the Initial port selection.

  • Select From control port to let the control port determine the selected port. A control port will appear to input an anonymous entity carrying data with a value greater than 0, and smaller than or equal to the number of input ports to determine the active port.

  • Select Equiprobable to let the block randomly select any port with equal probability. Set the Seed to generate a random number and to determine the active input port.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: SwitchingCriterion
Type: character vector
Values: 'Round robin' | 'From control port' | 'Equiprobable'
Default: 'Round robin'

Specify initially which port allows arrival of an entity.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: InitialPortSelection
Type: character vector
Values: '1' | scalar
Default: '1'

Specify the seed for the random number generator to determine the input port.

Dependencies

This parameter is visible when Switching criterion is set to Equiprobable.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: Seed
Type: character vector
Values: '23453' | scalar
Default: '23453'

Introduced in R2016a