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matlab.task.LiveTask class

Package: matlab.task

Base class for developing custom Live Editor tasks

Description

matlab.task.LiveTask is a class you build on to make your own Live Editor tasks. When you define a subclass of this base class, you can use the LiveTask properties and methods to build your Live Editor tasks. Specify this syntax on the first line of your class definition file to directly inherit from the LiveTask class, where MyTask is the name of your task:

classdef MyTask < matlab.task.LiveTask

The matlab.task.LiveTask class is a handle class.

Class Attributes

Abstract
true
ConstructOnLoad
true
HandleCompatible
true

For information on class attributes, see Class Attributes.

Properties

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Public Properties

Parent container of the task, specified as a Figure object.

Attributes:

GetAccess
public
SetAccess
private
Transient
true
Dependent
true
GetObservable
true
SetObservable
true
NonCopyable
true

Current state of UI objects in the task, specified as a struct.

Define the get.State and set.State methods for your class to get and set the State of the task. The Live Editor uses these methods to restore a task to a specified state during copy, paste, undo, and redo operations, as well as when the live script containing the task is closed and reopened. The current state of the task is stored in a struct. When the live script is closed, the Live Editor uses the jsonencode function to convert the struct returned by get.State to JSON format and saves the encoded state with the live script. When the live script is reopened, the Live Editor converts the encoded state back to a struct, which is then used to set the current state of the task using set.State. Refer to the jsonencode function for more information about the data types it supports.

For more information about defining the get.State and set.State methods, see Live Editor Task Development Overview.

Attributes:

GetAccess
public
SetAccess
public
Dependent
true
Abstract
true

Task summary, specified as a string scalar or character vector. The task summary displays at the top of the task and remains visible when the task is collapsed.

Define the get.Summary method for your class to get the Summary of the task. The Live Editor uses this method to dynamically generate the description of what the task does.

For more information about defining the get.Summary method, see Live Editor Task Development Overview.

Attributes:

GetAccess
public
SetAccess
protected
Dependent
true
Abstract
true

Run task automatically on change, specified as a numeric or logical 1 (true) or 0 (false). Set to 1 to have the task run automatically when a user modifies the task parameters.

Attributes:

GetAccess
public
SetAccess
public
SetObservable
true
AbortSet
true

Protected Properties

Task grid layout manager, specified as a GridLayout. Add all graphics and UI objects for the task to the grid layout manager. If an object is added to the task directly, MATLAB® throws an error.

Attributes:

GetAccess
protected
SetAccess
protected

Methods

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Examples

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Define a class called DisplayImage that creates a custom Live Editor task for displaying an image.

To define the class, create a file called DisplayImage.m that contains the following class definition with these features:

  • State and Summary public properties that store the current state of the task and a dynamic summary of what the task does.

  • Private properties that store the edit field and button for selecting an image.

  • A setup method that initializes the task.

  • A generateCode method that updates the generated code for the task when the selected image changes.

  • get.Summary, get.State, and set.State methods for getting and setting the summary and state of the task.

  • An inputImageFile method that prompts the user to select an image to display.

  • A reset method that resets the state of the task.

classdef DisplayImage < matlab.task.LiveTask
    properties(Access = private,Transient)
        FileNameEditField           matlab.ui.control.EditField
        BrowseButton                matlab.ui.control.Button
    end

    properties(Dependent)
        State
        Summary
    end

    methods(Access = protected)
        function setup(task)
            createComponents(task);
            setComponentsToDefault(task);
        end
    end

    methods
        function [code,outputs] = generateCode(task)
            if isempty(task.FileNameEditField.Value)
                % Not have enough information to generate code,
                % return empty values
                code = "";
                outputs = {};
                return
            end
            
            outputs = {"im"};
            code = "% Get Image";
            code = code + newline + outputs{1} + " = imread('" ...
                + task.FileNameEditField.Value + "');";
            code = code + newline + newline + "% Visualize results" + ...
                newline + "figure" + newline;          
            code = code + "imshow(" + outputs{1} + ");";
        end
        
        function summary = get.Summary(task)
            if isempty(task.FileNameEditField.Value)
                summary = "Display selected image";
            else
                [~,name,~] = fileparts(task.FileNameEditField.Value);
                summary = "Display image '" + name + "'";
            end
        end

        function state = get.State(task)
            state = struct;
            state.FileNameEditFieldValue = task.FileNameEditField.Value;
        end

        function set.State(task,state)
            task.FileNameEditField.Value = state.FileNameEditFieldValue; 
        end
        
        function reset(task)
            setComponentsToDefault(task);
        end
    end

    methods(Access = private)
        function createComponents(task)
            task.LayoutManager.RowHeight = ["fit" "fit" "fit"]; 
            task.LayoutManager.ColumnWidth = "fit";

            % Row 1: Select image section label
            uilabel(task.LayoutManager,"Text","Select image","FontWeight","bold");

            % Row 2: Select data section components
            inputgrid = uigridlayout(task.LayoutManager,"RowHeight","fit","ColumnWidth", ...
                {"fit",200,"fit"},"Padding",0);
            uilabel(inputgrid,"Text","Input image");
            task.FileNameEditField = uieditfield(inputgrid, ...
                "Editable",false);            
            task.BrowseButton = uibutton(inputgrid,"Text","Browse", ...
               "ButtonPushedFcn",@task.inputImageFile);
            
            % Row 3: Display results section label
            uilabel(task.LayoutManager,"Text","Display results","FontWeight","bold");
        end

        function setComponentsToDefault(task)
            task.FileNameEditField.Value = "";    
        end

        function inputImageFile(task,~,~)
            % Display uigetfile dialog box
            filterspec = ["*.jpg;*.tif;*.png;*.gif","All Image Files"];
            [f,p] = uigetfile(filterspec);
            
            % Make sure user did not cancel uigetfile dialog box
            if (ischar(p))
               fileName = [p f];
               task.FileNameEditField.Value = fileName;
            end
            
            notify(task,"StateChanged");
        end
    end
end

Next, configure the task metadata by calling the matlab.task.configureMetadata function and selecting the DisplayImage.m file. The Task Metadata dialog box opens with all of the required task metadata details prepopulated.

Select OK to use the prepopulated metadata details. MATLAB creates a folder named resources inside the folder containing your task class definition file. Inside the resources folder, MATLAB generates a file named liveTasks.json. Add the folder containing the task class definition file to the MATLAB path by calling the addpath function or using the Add Folder button in the Set Path dialog box. To make your task available in the Live Editor in future MATLAB sessions, save the path by calling the savepath function or using the Save button in the Set Path dialog box.

Add the task to a live script. On a code line, type display. MATLAB shows a list of suggested matches.

Select Display Image from the list. MATLAB adds the Display Image task to the live script.

More About

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Version History

Introduced in R2022a