Switching type positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistor
Simscape / Electrical / Sensors & Transducers
The PTC Thermistor block represents a switching type Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) thermistor. This type of thermistor has a decreasing resistance with temperature increasing up to the Curie temperature. Above the Curie temperature the resistance increases very rapidly with increasing temperature, as shown in the following plot. The region to the right of the Curie temperature is called the PTC regime. To represent a non-switching linear PTC thermistor, use the Thermal Resistor block.
For a switching type PTC thermistor, the resistance R at temperature T is given by
Tc is the Curie temperature.
R0 is the resistance at nominal temperature T0.
R1 is the resistance at reference temperature T1.
T0 is the nominal temperature at which the resistance is quoted, usually room temperature. T0 is less than the Curie temperature Tc.
T1 is the reference temperature, equal or greater than the Curie temperature Tc, which means that at this temperature the PTC regime is in force.
α0 is the temperature coefficient at nominal temperature T0.
α1 is the temperature coefficient at reference temperature T1.
The following equation describes the thermal behavior of the block:
Q is the net heat flow into port A.
Kd is the Dissipation factor parameter value.
tc is the Thermal time constant parameter value.
dT/dt is the rate of change of the temperature.
Use the Variables section of the block interface to set the priority and initial target values for the block variables prior to simulation. For more information, see Set Priority and Initial Target for Block Variables.
A — Thermal port
+ — Positive port
Electrical conserving port associated with the PTC thermistor positive port.
- — Negative port
Electrical conserving port associated with the PTC thermistor negative port.
Nominal resistance R0 at T0 — Nominal resistance at nominal temperature
Nominal resistance of the thermistor at the nominal temperature. Many datasheets quote the nominal resistance at 25°C and list it as R25.
Temperature coefficient alpha0 at T0 — Temperature coefficient at nominal temperature
1/K (default) | negative scalar
Temperature coefficient at the nominal temperature. The value must be less than zero.
Nominal temperature T0 — Nominal temperature
Temperature at which the nominal resistance is measured.
Reference resistance R1 at T1 — Reference resistance at reference temperature
Reference resistance of the thermistor at the reference temperature.
Temperature coefficient alpha1 at T1 — Temperature coefficient at reference temperature
1/K (default) | positive scalar
Temperature coefficient at the reference temperature. The value must be greater than zero.
Reference temperature T1 — Reference temperature
Temperature at which the reference resistance is measured. This temperature must be in the PTC regime.
Thermal time constant — Thermal time constant
Time it takes the sensor temperature to reach 63% of the final temperature change when a step change in ambient temperature occurs.
Dissipation factor — Dissipation factor
Thermal power required to raise the thermistor temperature by one K.